Race has a long and complicated history in the United States. According to research by psychologists and others, prejudice and discrimination are still problems in American society. Even people who think they’re not racist may have unconscious thoughts that lead to subtle discriminatory behaviors. Fortunately, the research also shows that contact between people of different racial and ethnic backgrounds can reduce stereotyping and prejudice.

Adapted from APA's amicus brief on Grutter v. Bollinger and Gratz v. Bollinger.

Understanding Racism


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APA Offices and Programs

  • RESilience

    Uplifting youth through healthy communication about race.

  • Office of Ethnic Minority Affairs

    The office seeks to increase scientific understanding of how psychology pertains to race, ethnicity and culture.