Bullying is a form of aggressive behavior in which someone intentionally and repeatedly causes another person injury or discomfort. Bullying can take the form of physical contact, words or more subtle actions.

The bullied individual typically has trouble defending him or herself and does nothing to “cause” the bullying.

APA Resolution on Bullying Among Children and Youth (PDF, 40KB)

Using Research to Prevent Bullying 
Dorothy L. Espelage, PhD, discusses useful prevention strategies, including social-emotional learning approaches, and emphasizes evidence-based programs, as part of a series presented by APA to mark its 125th anniversary in 2017. 

What You Can Do

Getting Help

  • InfoAboutKids.org
    A web resource center for behavioral science-based information on children, youth and families developed by leaders of seven divisions of the American Psychological Association.


Related APA Publications

APA Offices and Programs

  • Bullying: A Module for Teachers

    It is estimated that 40-80 percent of school-age children experience bullying at some point during their school careers and 10-15 percent may be either chronic victims or bullies themselves. In light of such statistics and growing public concern, this module will help teachers gain a better understanding of bullying and what they can do to both prevent it and intervene when it occurs.

  • Violence Prevention

    This area of Public Interest is responsible for disseminating research-based knowledge and information on violence and injury prevention.

  • Bullying & Safe Schools for LGBT Students

    Provides information on all of APA’s resources on bullying including APA’s resolution on bullying prevention, recommendations for parents, teachers, and students, and an online training module for teachers.