Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment ® (PD:TRT) publishes a wide range of cutting edge research on personality disorders and related psychopathology from a categorical and/or dimensional perspective including laboratory and treatment outcome studies, as well as integrative conceptual manuscripts and practice reviews that bridge science and practice.

Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment® is a registered trademark of American Psychological Association
Editorial Board


Thomas A. Widiger
University of Kentucky

Editorial Board Reviewers

Steve Balsis
Texas A&M University

Howard Berenbaum
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

James Blair
National Institute of Mental Health

Daniel Blonigen
VA Palo Alto Health Care System

Mariina A. Bornovalova
University of South Florida

William Campbell
University of Georgia

Alexander Chapman
Simon Fraser University

John Clarkin
Weill Cornell Medical College at New York Presbyterian Hospital

Allan D. Clifton
Vassar College

Sheila Crowell
University of Utah

Carla Kmett Danielson
Medical University of South Carolina

Stacey B. Daughters
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Barbara J. De Clercq
Ghent University

Filip De Fruyt
Ghent University

Karen Derefinko
University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Colin DeYoung
University of Minnesota

Katherine Lee Dixon-Gordon
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Janine Flory
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Peter Fonagy
University College London

Andrea Fossati
Vita-Salute San Raffaele University

Andrea Glenn
University of Alabama

Diane Carol Gooding
University of Wisconsin at Madison

Kim Gratz
University of Toledo

Michael N. Hallquist
Pennsylvania State University

Sabine C. Herpertz
Heidelberg University

Brian M. Hicks
University of Michigan

Jill M. Hooley
Harvard University

Christopher J. Hopwood
University of California at Davis

Kerry Jang
University of British Columbia

John Kerns
University of Missouri

E. David Klonsky
University of British Columbia

Matk F. Lenzenweger
State University of New York at Binghamton

Kenneth Levy
Pennsylvania State University

Scott Lilienfeld
Emory University

Patrick Luyten
University of Leuven

Donald R. Lynam
Purdue University

Jenny Macfie
University of Tennessee at Knoxville

Kristian Markon
University of Iowa

Margaret McClure
Fairfield University

Joshua D. Miller
University of Georgia

Leslie Morey
Texas A&M University

Stephanie N. Mullins-Sweatt
Oklahoma State University

Matthew K. Nock
Harvard University

Brian O'Connor
University of British Columbia

Joel Paris
Institute of Community and Family Psychiatry

Christopher J. Patrick
Florida State University

Aaron L. Pincus
Pennsylvania State University

Elsa Ronningstam
Harvard Medical School at McLean Hospital

Mark Zachary Rosenthal
Duke University

Douglas Samuel
Purdue University

Charles A. Sanislow
Wesleyan University

Martin Sellbom
University of Otago

Carla Sharp
University of Houston

Susan South
Purdue University

Stephanie Stepp
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine

David R. Strong
University of California at San Diego

Jennifer L. Tackett
Northwestern University

June Price Tangney
George Mason University

Tim Trull
University of Missouri

David D. Vachon
McGill University

Amy W. Wagner
Portland VA Medical Center

Aidan G.C. Wright
University of Pittsburgh

Dustin Wygant
Eastern Kentucky University

Shirley Yen
Brown University

Mary C. Zanarini
Harvard Medical School at McLean Hospital

Abstracting & Indexing

Abstracting and indexing services providing coverage of Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment®

  • Cabell's Directory of Publishing Opportunities in Psychology
  • Current Contents: Social & Behavioral Sciences
  • Journal Citations Report: Social Sciences Edition
  • OCLC
  • PsycINFO
  • PsycLine
  • SafetyLit
  • Social Sciences Citation Index
  • Studies on Women and Gender Abstracts
Manuscript Submission

Prior to submission, please carefully read and follow the submission guidelines detailed below. Manuscripts that do not conform to the submission guidelines may be returned without review.


Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment® (PD:TRT) is now using a software system to screen submitted content for similarity with other published content. The system compares each submitted manuscript against a database of 25+ million scholarly publications, as well as content appearing on the open web.

This allows APA to check submissions for potential overlap with material previously published in scholarly journals (e.g., lifted or republished material). A similarity report will be generated by the system and provided to the PD:TRT Editorial office for review immediately upon submission.

To submit to the Editorial Office of Thomas A. Widiger, please submit manuscripts electronically through the Manuscript Submission Portal (.rtf, .doc, or .pdf files).

Submit Manuscript

Thomas A. Widiger, PhD
Department of Psychology
102-H Kastle Hall
University of Kentucky
Lexington, KY 40506-0044

In addition to addresses and phone numbers, please supply email addresses and fax numbers for use by the editorial office and later by the production office. Most correspondence between the editorial office and authors is handled by email, so a valid email address is important for the timely flow of communication during the editorial process.

Keep a copy of the manuscript to guard against loss.

Masked Review Policy

PD:TRT uses a masked reviewing system for all submissions. Omit the authors' names and affiliations on the first page of the manuscript, but include the title of the manuscript and the submission date.

Please ensure that the final version for production includes a byline and full author note for typesetting.

List five keywords on the title page to facilitate the selection of peer reviewers. Additionally, provide a cover letter indicating the proposed category under which the manuscript was submitted (e.g., Brief Report) and up to four suggestions for potential reviewers.

Types of Manuscripts

Four types of manuscripts will be accepted:

  • full-length articles
  • brief reports
  • target conceptual articles
  • practice reviews (jointly written by a researcher and primary clinician)

Additionally, Invited peer commentaries in response to the target conceptual articles will be published online at the PD:TRT homepage. Further, the journal will operate an open-access message board to foster continuing dialogue on the target conceptual article.

Full-Length Articles

Manuscripts presenting empirical findings may be submitted as full-length articles. Full-length articles should not exceed 36 pages total (including cover page, abstract, text, references, tables, and figures), with margins of at least 1 inch on all sides and a standard font (e.g., Times New Roman) of 12 points (no smaller). The entire paper (text, references, tables, etc.) must be double-spaced.

Brief Reports

In addition to full-length manuscripts, PD:TRT will consider brief reports of empirical findings. Brief reports are to be prepared in line with the guidelines for full-length articles, yet they may not exceed 18 pages.

Target Conceptual Articles

Manuscripts that evaluate and synthesize the research literature and/or make important theoretical contributions are sought for target conceptual articles. Four commentaries invited by the journal will be published on the PD:TRT homepage, along with the author's response to the commentaries.

Target conceptual articles are to be prepared in line with the guidelines for full-length articles, yet they may not exceed 40 pages.

Practice Reviews

In line with the journal's commitment to bridging science and practice, practice reviews will present an issue from clinical practice, review relevant research, and provide a practical recommendation informed by the reviewed research.

Practice reviews MUST be coauthored by at least one individual with a primary focus in clinical practice and at least one individual with a primary focus in research. This partnering of individuals with a different professional emphasis is crucial for practice reviews to provide a credible bridge between research and practice.

When submitting a practice review, provide a description of each individual's primary professional focus in the cover letter. Manuscripts not meeting this partnering requirement will be returned without review. New collaborations are especially encouraged.

Practice reviews are to be prepared in line with the guidelines for full-length articles, yet they may not exceed 30 pages.

Manuscript Preparation

Prepare manuscripts according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition). Manuscripts may be copyedited for bias-free language (see Chapter 3 of the Publication Manual).

Review APA's Journal Manuscript Preparation Guidelines before submitting your article.

Double-space all copy. Other formatting instructions, as well as instructions on preparing tables, figures, references, metrics, and abstracts, appear in the Manual. Additional guidance on APA Style is available on the APA Style website.

Below are additional instructions regarding the preparation of display equations, computer code, and tables.

Display Equations

We strongly encourage you to use MathType (third-party software) or Equation Editor 3.0 (built into pre-2007 versions of Word) to construct your equations, rather than the equation support that is built into Word 2007 and Word 2010. Equations composed with the built-in Word 2007/Word 2010 equation support are converted to low-resolution graphics when they enter the production process and must be rekeyed by the typesetter, which may introduce errors.

To construct your equations with MathType or Equation Editor 3.0:

  • Go to the Text section of the Insert tab and select Object.
  • Select MathType or Equation Editor 3.0 in the drop-down menu.

If you have an equation that has already been produced using Microsoft Word 2007 or 2010 and you have access to the full version of MathType 6.5 or later, you can convert this equation to MathType by clicking on MathType Insert Equation. Copy the equation from Microsoft Word and paste it into the MathType box. Verify that your equation is correct, click File, and then click Update. Your equation has now been inserted into your Word file as a MathType Equation.

Use Equation Editor 3.0 or MathType only for equations or for formulas that cannot be produced as Word text using the Times or Symbol font.

Computer Code

Because altering computer code in any way (e.g., indents, line spacing, line breaks, page breaks) during the typesetting process could alter its meaning, we treat computer code differently from the rest of your article in our production process. To that end, we request separate files for computer code.

In Online Supplemental Material

We request that runnable source code be included as supplemental material to the article. For more information, visit Supplementing Your Article With Online Material.

In the Text of the Article

If you would like to include code in the text of your published manuscript, please submit a separate file with your code exactly as you want it to appear, using Courier New font with a type size of 8 points. We will make an image of each segment of code in your article that exceeds 40 characters in length. (Shorter snippets of code that appear in text will be typeset in Courier New and run in with the rest of the text.) If an appendix contains a mix of code and explanatory text, please submit a file that contains the entire appendix, with the code keyed in 8-point Courier New.


Use Word's Insert Table function when you create tables. Using spaces or tabs in your table will create problems when the table is typeset and may result in errors.

Academic Writing and English Language Editing Services

Authors who feel that their manuscript may benefit from additional academic writing or language editing support prior to submission are encouraged to seek out such services at their host institutions, engage with colleagues and subject matter experts, and/or consider several vendors that offer discounts to APA authors.

Please note that APA does not endorse or take responsibility for the service providers listed. It is strictly a referral service.

Use of such service is not mandatory for publication in an APA journal. Use of one or more of these services does not guarantee selection for peer review, manuscript acceptance, or preference for publication in any APA journal.

Submitting Supplemental Materials

APA can place supplemental materials online, available via the published article in the PsycARTICLES® database. Please see Supplementing Your Article With Online Material for more details.

Abstract and Keywords

All manuscripts must include an abstract containing a maximum of 250 words typed on a separate page. After the abstract, please supply up to five keywords or brief phrases.


List references in alphabetical order. Each listed reference should be cited in text, and each text citation should be listed in the References section.

Examples of basic reference formats:

  • Journal Article:
    Hughes, G., Desantis, A., & Waszak, F. (2013). Mechanisms of intentional binding and sensory attenuation: The role of temporal prediction, temporal control, identity prediction, and motor prediction. Psychological Bulletin, 139, 133–151.
  • Authored Book:
    Rogers, T. T., & McClelland, J. L. (2004). Semantic cognition: A parallel distributed processing approach. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Chapter in an Edited Book:
    Gill, M. J., & Sypher, B. D. (2009). Workplace incivility and organizational trust. In P. Lutgen-Sandvik & B. D. Sypher (Eds.), Destructive organizational communication: Processes, consequences, and constructive ways of organizing (pp. 53–73). New York, NY: Taylor & Francis.


Graphics files are welcome if supplied as Tiff or EPS files. Multipanel figures (i.e., figures with parts labeled a, b, c, d, etc.) should be assembled into one file.

The minimum line weight for line art is 0.5 point for optimal printing.

For more information about acceptable resolutions, fonts, sizing, and other figure issues, please see the general guidelines.

When possible, please place symbol legends below the figure instead of to the side.

APA offers authors the option to publish their figures online in color without the costs associated with print publication of color figures.

The same caption will appear on both the online (color) and print (black and white) versions. To ensure that the figure can be understood in both formats, authors should add alternative wording (e.g., "the red (dark gray) bars represent") as needed.

For authors who prefer their figures to be published in color both in print and online, original color figures can be printed in color at the editor's and publisher's discretion provided the author agrees to pay:

  • $900 for one figure
  • An additional $600 for the second figure
  • An additional $450 for each subsequent figure


Authors of accepted papers must obtain and provide to the editor on final acceptance all necessary permissions to reproduce in print and electronic form any copyrighted work, including test materials (or portions thereof), photographs, and other graphic images (including those used as stimuli in experiments).

On advice of counsel, APA may decline to publish any image whose copyright status is unknown.

Publication Policies

APA policy prohibits an author from submitting the same manuscript for concurrent consideration by two or more publications.

See also APA Journals® Internet Posting Guidelines.

APA requires authors to reveal any possible conflict of interest in the conduct and reporting of research (e.g., financial interests in a test or procedure, funding by pharmaceutical companies for drug research).

In light of changing patterns of scientific knowledge dissemination, APA requires authors to provide information on prior dissemination of the data and narrative interpretations of the data/research appearing in the manuscript (e.g., if some or all were presented at a conference or meeting, posted on a listserv, shared on a website, including academic social networks like ResearchGate, etc.). This information (2–4 sentences) must be provided as part of the Author Note.

Authors of accepted manuscripts are required to transfer the copyright to APA.

Ethical Principles

It is a violation of APA Ethical Principles to publish "as original data, data that have been previously published" (Standard 8.13).

In addition, APA Ethical Principles specify that "after research results are published, psychologists do not withhold the data on which their conclusions are based from other competent professionals who seek to verify the substantive claims through reanalysis and who intend to use such data only for that purpose, provided that the confidentiality of the participants can be protected and unless legal rights concerning proprietary data preclude their release" (Standard 8.14).

APA expects authors to adhere to these standards. Specifically, APA expects authors to have their data available throughout the editorial review process and for at least 5 years after the date of publication.

Authors are required to state in writing that they have complied with APA ethical standards in the treatment of their sample, human or animal, or to describe the details of treatment.

The APA Ethics Office provides the full Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct electronically on its website in HTML, PDF, and Word format. You may also request a copy by emailing or calling the APA Ethics Office (202-336-5930). You may also read "Ethical Principles," December 1992, American Psychologist, Vol. 47, pp. 1597–1611.

Other Information

Visit the Journals Publishing Resource Center for more resources for writing, reviewing, and editing articles for publishing in APA journals.

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