War can have a powerful psychological impact on participants and civilians alike.
Combat can lead to distress or even post-traumatic stress disorder, which is marked by extreme worry, re-experiencing of the event and avoidance of things reminiscent of the trauma.
Prolonged separation from family and friends can also cause problems.
Adapted from the Encyclopedia of Psychology
For activities and resources for psychologists working with soldiers and veterans, visit APA's Military and Veteran Issues page.
What You Can Do
Resilience in a time of war
Learn how to manage stress and uncertainty related to war.
Resilience in a time of war: Homecoming
Tips for resilience during war homecoming for military personnel and families. Reduce stress, anxiety and culture shock with checklists and learn warning signs of PTSD.
Resilience in a time of war: Wartime stress and teens
Wartime stress can overwhelm teens, especially those with relatives in the military or friends in ROTC.
Mental Health and Related Resources for Assisting Service Members, Veterans, and Their Families
A comprehensive list of resources available from the VA, Department of Defense and other organizations.
Resilience in a time of war: Tips for parents & day-care providers of preschool children
Although you may think they’re too young to understand, even very young children can become frightened after seeing the news or overhearing conversations.
Resilience in a time of war: Tips for parents and teachers of middle school children
Just as your child learns reading and writing, he or she can learn the skills of resilience.
Resilience in a time of war: Tips for parents and teachers of teens
Teens look to parents and teachers to make them feel safe in a time of war.
Community support for military families: Lending a helping hand this Fourth of July
Learn how you can express gratitude and show support to military spouses and children.
White House Joining Forces Initiative
A comprehensive national initiative to mobilize all sectors of society to give service members and their families deserved opportunities and support.
A lifeline for troubled veterans
March 11, 2017, The New York Times
Army veteran starts 'fight club' to help others with PTSD
February 24, 2017, CNN
To understand PTSD, send scientists to war
January 12, 2017, Wired