Description

Health Psychology® is the official scientific journal of APA Division 38 (Society for Health Psychology). Its mission is to advance the science and practice of evidence-based health psychology and behavioral medicine. It fulfills this mission by publishing peer-reviewed articles on psychological, biobehavioral, social, and environmental factors in physical health and illness, as well as papers on professional issues in health psychology.

The journal publishes a wide range of original research reports, including observational, experimental, mechanistic, epidemiological, and psychometric studies; treatment development studies; randomized controlled trials including both prevention and treatment studies; and dissemination and implementation research.

It also publishes systematic reviews and meta-analyses, critical reviews of significant issues in health psychology and behavioral medicine, methodological guidance and tutorials, and advances in research methods.

Health Psychology is open to research across the lifespan, studies of diverse populations in a wide variety of settings, and investigations of the reproducibility or generalizability of research on psychological and behavioral factors in physical health and illness. It publishes empirical work across preclinical, clinical, and public health domains, and across all phases of translational health research.

Authors are expected to articulate, whenever possible, the translational potential of scientific findings for practice and policy.

Health Psychology® is a registered trademark of American Psychological Association
Editorial Board

Editor in Chief

Kenneth E. Freedland
Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis

Senior Associate Editors

Matthew M. Burg
Yale School of Medicine

David B. Sarwer
Temple University College of Public Health

Statistical Editor

Shelley Blozis
University of California, Davis

Associate Editors

Linda E. Carlson
University of Calgary School of Medicine and Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, Alberta, Canada

Mary Amanda Dew
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and Medical Center and NIMH Center for Late Life Depression Prevention and Treatment

Sarah Feldstein Ewing
Oregon Health & Science University

Peter G. Kaufmann
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Bethesda, MD

Becky Marquez
University of California, San Diego, School of Medicine

Ryan E. Rhodes
University of Victoria

Consulting Editors

Simon L. Bacon
Concordia University and CIUSSS-NIM, Hôpital du Sacré-Coeur de Montréal

Cynthia A. Berg
University of Utah

James A. Blumenthal
Duke University Medical Center

Beth C. Bock
Alpert Medical School at Brown University

Belinda Borrelli
Boston University

Julienne E. Bower
University of California, Los Angeles

Elizabeth Brondolo
St. John's University

Linda D. Cameron
University of California, Merced

Robert M. Carney
Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis

Laurie Chassin
Arizona State University

Edith Chen
Northwestern University

Alan J. Christensen
The University of Iowa

Lisa M. Christian
The Ohio State University

Mark Conner
University of Leeds, United Kingdom

Rosalie Corona
Virginia Commonwealth University

Alan M. Delamater
University of Miami Miller School of Medicine

Rod K. Dishman
University of Georgia

Frank Doyle
Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

Shawna L. Ehlers
Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN

Leonard H. Epstein
University at Buffalo

Richard Fielding
The University of Hong Kong

Marian L. Fitzgibbon
University of Illinois at Chicago

Stephanie L. Fitzpatrick
Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente, Portland, OR

Meg Gerrard
University of Connecticut

Peter J. Gianaros
University of Pittsburgh

Frederick X. Gibbons
University of Connecticut

Susan S. Girdler
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Jeffrey S. Gonzalez
Yeshiva University and Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Joseph A. Greer
Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School

Martica H. Hall
University of Pittsburgh

Michael A. Harris
Oregon Health & Science University

Vicki S. Helgeson
Carnegie Mellon University

Michael Hoerger
Tulane Cancer Center

David M. Huebner
George Washington University

Paul B. Jocobsen
National Cancer Institute, Frederick, MD

Robert D. Kerns
Yale University

Michaela Kiernan
Stanford University School of Medicine

David S. Krantz
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences

Hope Landrine
East Carolina University–Brody School of Medicine

Kevin T. Larkin
West Virginia University

Tricia M. Leahey
University of Connecticut

Tené T. Lewis
Emory University

Qian Lu
University of Houston

Linda J. Luecken
Arizona State University

Mark A. Lumley
Wayne State University

Patrick J. Lustman
Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and Saint Louis VA Medical Center

Susan K. Lutgendorf
University of Iowa

Jun Ma
University of Illinois at Chicago

Evan Mayo-Wilson
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Kevin D. McCaul
North Dakota State University

Lance M. McCracken
King's College London

Susan Michie
University College London

Paul J. Mills
University of California, San Diego

Justin M. Nash
University of Connecticut

Sherry Pagoto
University of Massachusetts Medical School

George D. Papandonatos
Brown University

Patricia A. Parmelee
University of Alabama

Kenneth A. Perkins
University of Pittsburgh

Michael L. Perlis
University of Pennsylvania

Keith J. Petrie
University of Auckland

Judith J. Prochaska
Stanford University

Eli Puterman
University of British Columbia

Tracey A. Revenson
Hunter College and The Graduate Center, City University of New York

DeJuran Richardson
Lake Forest College and Rush University Medical Center

Alexander John Rothman
University of Minnesota

John M. Ruiz
University of Arizona

Thomas Rutledge
University of California, San Diego

Steven A. Safren
University of Miami

Jeffrey F. Scherrer
Saint Louis University School of Medicine

Christine Dunkel Schetter
University of California, Los Angeles

Mario Schootman
Saint Louis University

Samuel F. Sears, Jr.
East Carolina University

Suzanne C. Segerstrom
University of Kentucky

William G. Shadel
RAND Corporation

Paschal Sheeran
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Judith A. Skala
Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis

George M. Slavich
University of California, Los Angeles

Kevin D. Stein
Behavioral Research Center, American Cancer Society

Jesse C. Stewart
Indiana University–Purdue University Indianapolis

Kenneth P. Tercyak
Georgetown University

Rebecca C. Thurston
University of Pittsburgh

Lara Traeger
Harvard Medical School

Bert N. Uchino
University of Utah

Corrine I. Voils
William S. Middleton Veterans Affairs Medical Center and University Wisconsin–Madison

Elissa R. Weitzman
Harvard Medical School/Boston Children's Hospital

Nicole Ennis Whitehead
University of Florida

Denise E. Wilfley
Washington University School of Medicine

Dawn K. Wilson
University of South Carolina

Richard A. Winett
Virginia Tech

Tamika C. B. Zapolski
Indiana University–Purdue University Indianapolis

Manager, Local Editorial Office

Kimberly A. Metze
Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis

Abstracting & Indexing

Abstracting and indexing services providing coverage of Health Psychology®

  • Abstracts in Anthropology
  • Academic OneFile
  • Advanced Placement Psychology Collection
  • ASSIA: Applied Social Sciences Index & Abstracts
  • Cabell's Directory of Publishing Opportunities in Psychology
  • CINAHL
  • CINAHL Complete
  • CINAHL Plus
  • Current Abstracts
  • Current Contents: Clinical Medicine
  • Current Contents: Social & Behavioral Sciences
  • Educational Research Abstracts Online
  • Embase (Excerpta Medica)
  • Environmental Science and Pollution Management
  • ERIH (European Reference Index for the Humanities and Social Sciences)
  • Expanded Academic ASAP
  • Family & Society Studies Worldwide
  • General OneFile
  • Health & Safety Science Abstracts
  • Health & Wellness Resource Center and Alternative Health Module
  • Health Reference Center Academic
  • InfoTrac Custom
  • Journal Citations Report: Social Sciences Edition
  • MEDLINE
  • Mosby's Nursing Consult
  • Mosby's Yearbook
  • Multicultural Education Abstracts
  • Nursing and Allied Health Collection
  • Nursing Resource Center
  • OCLC
  • OmniFile Full Text Mega
  • PASCAL
  • Psychology Collection
  • PsycINFO
  • PsycLine
  • Russian Academy of Sciences Bibliography
  • SafetyLit
  • Science Citation Index Expanded
  • SCOPUS
  • Social Sciences Abstracts
  • Social Sciences Citation Index
  • Social Sciences Full Text
  • Social Work Abstracts
  • Studies on Women and Gender Abstracts
  • Supplemental Index
  • TOC Premier
  • Women's Studies International
Manuscript Submission

Prior to submission, please carefully read and follow the submission guidelines detailed below. Manuscripts that do not conform to the submission guidelines may be returned without review.

Submission

The main emphasis of Health Psychology® is on original research in health psychology. Systematic reviews (including meta-analyses) and narrative reviews are also considered for publication. Editorials, commentaries, scientific statements, and tutorials are by invitation only. Submissions are welcomed from authors in psychology and other health-related disciplines.

Submit manuscripts electronically (.rtf, PDF, or .doc) to

Kenneth E. Freedland, PhD, Editor-in-Chief
Professor of Psychiatry and Psychology
Washington University School of Medicine
St. Louis, Missouri, USA
Email

Manuscript Submission Portal Entrance

Keep a copy of the manuscript to guard against loss. Do not submit manuscripts via mail or email.

In recognition of the reality that institutional spam filters may capture files from the APA and the Journals Back Office, please take the following steps to facilitate communication with our editorial office:

  • Provide an alternative email address which we can use to contact you in the event of technical difficulties with email communication using your primary address;
  • Add "apa.org" to your list of "safe" addresses and consider asking your IT administrators to add it to their "white list;" and
  • Contact Lindsay MacMurray if you do not receive confirmation of your submission within three business days or an editorial decision letter within three months.

General correspondence may be directed to the Editor's Office.

Information About Submissions

The page limit for research manuscripts, reviews, and meta-analyses is 30 pages. The page limit is inclusive of all parts of the manuscript, including the cover page, abstract, text, references, tables and figures.

Authors may request consideration of longer papers, in advance of submission, when there is clear justification for additional length (e.g., the paper reports on two or more studies or has an unusual or complex methodology). If possible, excess material should be placed in an online supplement rather than in the manuscript.

Brief reports are acceptable for innovative work that may be premature for publication as a full research report because of small sample size, novel methodologies, etc. Brief reports should be designated as such and should not exceed a total of 12 pages, inclusive of all parts of the manuscript, including the cover page, abstract, text, references, tables and figures.

All manuscripts should be double-spaced, with margins of at least 1 inch on all sides and a standard font (e.g., Times New Roman) of 12 points.

On the submission portal you will be asked to provide contact information for three individuals who are qualified to serve as unbiased reviewers for your paper. These people must have published peer reviewed work in a relevant field. They must be without any real or perceived conflict of interest with you and your co-authors. They cannot be at the same institution as any author, cannot be a co-author on any recent publications, and must not be a former or current trainee, advisor or mentor, etc.

Submissions that exceed the page limits will be returned to the author for shortening prior to the initiation of peer review.

Submission Letter

The cover letter should indicate that the authors have read and followed the Health Psychology Instructions for Authors. It should also include a statement indicating that the paper has been seen and approved by all authors. The cover letter should describe how the paper advances research in health psychology, referring to the journal mission to assure that the submission fits with the scope of papers published in Health Psychology.

The full mailing address, telephone, fax, and email address for the corresponding author should be included in the cover letter and title page, along with the names and affiliations of all co-authors.

The cover letter must confirm that the manuscript has not been published, is not currently submitted elsewhere, and that it does not contain data that is currently submitted or published elsewhere.

When a manuscript contains data that is part of a larger study, authors should describe the larger study and provide references for other study papers. Authors must be prepared to provide copies of related manuscripts when requested as part of the editorial review process. Authors should clarify the relationship between their paper, including detailed specification of the overlap in participants, measures, and analysis, and others from the study. The value-added scientific contribution of their study must be clearly stated in the cover letter.

Authors of brief reports should indicate in the cover letter that the full report is not under consideration for publication elsewhere and similarly address potential overlap with other papers.

Manuscripts

The manuscript title should be accurate, fully explanatory, and no longer than 12 words. The title should reflect the content and population studied, and it should not be in the form of an assertion or conclusion. If the paper reports a randomized clinical trial, this should be indicated in the title. The title of brief reports should start with the words "Brief Report". The title page should include the names of all authors and their affiliations at the time the research was done.

All research manuscripts must include a structured abstract containing a maximum of 250 words with the following sections:

  • Objective (brief statement of the purpose of the study);
  • Methods (summary of the participants, design, measures, procedure);
  • Results (primary findings); and
  • Conclusions (specific statement of the implications of the data).

Papers such as invited commentaries, for which a structured abstract would be inappropriate, should include an unstructured abstract containing a maximum of 250 words.

Please supply up to five keywords or brief phrases after the abstract. We recommend that you choose medical subject headings (MeSH) and/or psychological index terms for your keywords. The National Library of Medicine offers a free, searchable MeSH database for PubMed. Also, APA publishes the Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms for our family of databases.

The Introduction should not exceed 3–4 pages in length. The paper should be referenced appropriately but excessive citations should be avoided.

All research involving human participants must describe oversight of the research process by the relevant Institutional Review Boards, along with the name(s) of the approving institution(s), or an explanation of why no approval was needed. Consent and assent procedures should be described briefly in the Methods section.

All statistical tests should include an effect size with confidence intervals whenever possible.

First person language ("I", "we") should be avoided. Terminology should be sensitive to the individual who has a disease or disability. The journal endorses the concept of "people first, not their disability." Terminology should reflect the "person with a disability" (e.g., children with diabetes, persons with HIV infection, families of people with cancer) rather than the condition as an adjective (e.g., diabetic children, HIV patients, cancer families). Nonsexist language should be used.

It is important to highlight the significance and novel contribution of original work. Replications and extensions of previous studies are welcome, but the rationale and discussion should give due weight to the main purpose of the study (i.e., to confirm, disconfirm, or extend previous research), and it should not give excessive weight to minor innovations or superficially novel features.

Health Psychology publishes a variety of types of papers and work across the entire spectrum of translational research. The translational implications of the research should be discussed but not overstated. Programmatic research is especially welcome. If the study is integral to an ongoing, well-focused program of research, the study’s relationship to previous and planned work in the research program should be described.

Qualitative Research

Research papers that utilize qualitative methods should follow the general instructions to authors for style and format. We ask that authors of qualitative papers review the additional guidance below to assure that papers meet the following criteria utilized by Health Psychology.

The introduction should make a compelling case for the significance of the study and clearly identify whether it is a stand-alone study or if it fits into a larger research project. For example, qualitative manuscripts may inform the development of a survey, use small-incident samples, or establish feasibility. The specific qualitative paradigm should be specified (e.g., grounded theory, qualitative descriptive approach, interpretive phenomenology) with a rationale as to why it was selected to address the research question.

At the same time, authors are encouraged to avoid methodological tutorials and cite appropriate references for the methodology. Describe your sampling frame clearly and how the sample was selected, justifying the type and size of your sample using appropriate language for qualitative studies.

While many qualitative studies may not use a conceptual model, if you have done so, explain how the model may have shaped the design, data collection, analysis and interpretation. Explain carefully how you insured rigor in your study e.g., data analysis protocols (including how coders were trained), audit procedures, and demonstration of data saturation. Describe the data analysis and how it relates to your overall approach or paradigm. Present rich and compelling results with data that have been analyzed and interpreted appropriately for your method (e.g., discourse analytic results would be presented differently than those of a grounded theory).

The paper should convey how this research fills an important gap in the science and promises to change the way we approach future studies.

Scale Development

Empirical papers reporting the development of new instruments related to health psychology should follow the general guidelines for style and format of this journal. Authors should make a convincing case for the need and rationale for the new instrument, particularly with respect to new and innovative constructs. Included in this rationale should be the theoretical foundation on which their new instrument rests along with presentation of other, related scales currently in use. The instrument should be evaluated in the population(s) for which it is intended. If it is intended for use across a variety of populations and/or settings, evidence of its generalizability should be provided. Studies of instruments that are of limited clinical or research utility may be better suited for subspecialty journals.

Health Psychology will also consider studies of existing instruments that were developed in one population but that are now being validated and applied, with or without modification, in a different population that fits within the journal’s scope. For example, a measure that was originally developed for otherwise medically well psychiatric patients may be evaluated in patients with cancer or heart disease, if there is a cogent rationale for this work. The journal welcomes relevant health-related applications and evaluations of measures produced by major initiatives of the National Institutes of Health, such as PROMIS, NeuroQoL, ASCQ-ME, and the NIH Toolbox. Authors should clearly articulate the specifics of the study design and of the analytical techniques used. There should be strong consistency among the purpose statements, methods, and the manner in which findings are presented.

Some studies incorporate mixed-methods designs. The specifics of these designs should be presented in sufficient but not excessive detail. Attention should be given to the nature of the items, the basis for their creation, and the rationale for the response options.

The underlying theoretical structure of the approach should be evident, for example, whether one is premising a study on classical or modern theory (IRT, Rasch) techniques. The characteristics of the research will be in part dictated by the nature of the scale. For instance, large, nationally-normed tests may have a much different make-up than that of small, more narrowly-defined measures. Research involving both types of instruments will be considered.

Finally, all instrument development papers should convey how the literature base will be strengthened with the addition of the particular instrument along with a clear and convincing case for the clinical relevance of the information that it provides.

Letters to the Editor

Health Psychology will, at the discretion of the Editor-in-Chief, publish Letters to the Editor on the journal website. However, eligible authors are urged to consider posting a reader comment in PubMed Commons instead of, or in addition to, submitting a Letter to the Editor. Further information about PubMed Commons is available at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedcommons.

Letters should be prepared in direct response to articles published in the journal, should include a reference to the published paper, and should be sent to the Editorial Manuscript Coordinator, Lindsay MacMurray within 60 days of the date when the relevant article is published in hard copy.

The text of the letter, excluding the title, references and author(s) name, title, affiliation and email, may not exceed 400 words. There should be no more than five references.

In a separate cover letter, the author should indicate that the submission is a Letter to the Editor for consideration of posting on the Health Psychology website and provide the full citation of the original article to which the letter refers. The cover letter should also indicate if the letter writer(s) have any conflicts of interest related to the article or correspondence.

Letters will not be a forum for ongoing dialogue.

Review Policy

Health Psychology has revised its peer review policies and now provides single-blinded rather than double-blinded reviews. In other words, the reviewers are anonymous but the authors are not. The title page of all submitted manuscripts should include the names of all authors and their affiliations at the time the research was done. Identifying information should not be masked on the title page or anywhere else in the manuscript.

Clinical Trials

Overview

In line with current publication standards, Health Psychology has implemented several requirements for randomized controlled trial (RCT) reports. These include 1) trial registration, 2) protocol submission, and 3) adherence to reporting guidelines.

Trial Registration

Health Psychology will publish reports of RCTs only if they have been duly registered at ClinicalTrials.gov or at another recognized, publicly accessible registry. A complete list of acceptable trial registries can be found via the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform.

If recruitment commences on or after January 1, 2018, the trial must be registered prospectively (i.e., before recruitment begins). If recruitment commenced before January 1, 2018, the trial must be registered prior to submission of the manuscript, even if the registration is retrospective (i.e., filed after recruitment began). Trial registrations must include all elements of each primary and secondary outcome, including the times at which each outcome will be measured and analyzed. The name of the trial registry and the registration number should be listed below the abstract. All differences between (a) the reported methods and outcomes and (b) the registered methods and outcomes must be described and explained in the manuscript.

Protocol Submission

The complete trial protocol, including the entire a priori statistical analysis plan, should be readily available to readers of manuscripts reporting the results of clinical trials, both for primary outcome papers as well as for ones limited to secondary, exploratory, or post hoc outcome analyses. Few reports include the complete RCT protocol in the Methods section. We therefore advise authors to upload the complete protocol with their manuscript, along with a Standard Protocol Items: Recommendations for Intervention Trials (SPIRIT) checklist.

Both published and unpublished protocols are acceptable. Published protocols should be cited in the submitted manuscript. Previously unpublished protocols will be published as an online-only supplement if the trial report manuscript is accepted.

Adherence to Reporting Guidelines

All RCT reports must be accompanied by a completed CONSORT checklist. CONSORT extension checklists should be used when appropriate. The manuscript itself should include a CONSORT flow diagram. The CONSORT guidelines, checklists, and flow diagram templates are available at The EQUATOR Network.

Reporting Guidelines for Other Types of Studies

Reporting guidelines have been developed for many other types of studies besides clinical trials. For example, there are guidelines for reporting observational studies, meta-analyses, diagnostic and prognostic studies, and qualitative research. If a reporting guideline exists for the type of study that is being submitted to Health Psychology, the report must be accompanied by the associated checklist. If there is an associated flow diagram, it must be included as a figure in the manuscript. Reporting guidelines, checklists, and flow diagrams for many different types of studies are available at www.equator-network.org.

Manuscript Preparation

Prepare manuscripts according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition). Double-space all copy. Other formatting instructions, as well as instructions on preparing tables, figures, references, metrics, and abstracts, appear in the Manual. Additional guidance on APA Style is available on the APA Style website.

Review APA's Checklist for Manuscript Submission before submitting your article.

Manuscripts may be copyedited for bias-free language (see Chapter 3 of the Publication Manual).

Below are additional instructions regarding the preparation of display equations, computer code, and tables.

Display Equations

We strongly encourage you to use MathType (third-party software) or Equation Editor 3.0 (built into pre-2007 versions of Word) to construct your equations, rather than the equation support that is built into Word 2007 and Word 2010. Equations composed with the built-in Word 2007/Word 2010 equation support are converted to low-resolution graphics when they enter the production process and must be rekeyed by the typesetter, which may introduce errors.

To construct your equations with MathType or Equation Editor 3.0:

  • Go to the Text section of the Insert tab and select Object.
  • Select MathType or Equation Editor 3.0 in the drop-down menu.

If you have an equation that has already been produced using Microsoft Word 2007 or 2010 and you have access to the full version of MathType 6.5 or later, you can convert this equation to MathType by clicking on MathType Insert Equation. Copy the equation from Microsoft Word and paste it into the MathType box. Verify that your equation is correct, click File, and then click Update. Your equation has now been inserted into your Word file as a MathType Equation.

Use Equation Editor 3.0 or MathType only for equations or for formulas that cannot be produced as Word text using the Times or Symbol font.

Computer Code

Because altering computer code in any way (e.g., indents, line spacing, line breaks, page breaks) during the typesetting process could alter its meaning, we treat computer code differently from the rest of your article in our production process. To that end, we request separate files for computer code.

In Online Supplemental Material
We request that runnable source code be included as supplemental material to the article. For more information, visit Supplementing Your Article With Online Material.

In the Text of the Article
If you would like to include code in the text of your published manuscript, please submit a separate file with your code exactly as you want it to appear, using Courier New font with a type size of 8 points. We will make an image of each segment of code in your article that exceeds 40 characters in length. (Shorter snippets of code that appear in text will be typeset in Courier New and run in with the rest of the text.) If an appendix contains a mix of code and explanatory text, please submit a file that contains the entire appendix, with the code keyed in 8-point Courier New.

Tables

Use Word's Insert Table function when you create tables. Using spaces or tabs in your table will create problems when the table is typeset and may result in errors.

Submitting Supplemental Materials

APA can place supplemental materials online, available via the published article in the PsycARTICLES® database. Please see Supplementing Your Article With Online Material for more details.

References

List references in alphabetical order. Each listed reference should be cited in text, and each text citation should be listed in the References section.

Examples of basic reference formats:

  • Journal Article:
    Hughes, G., Desantis, A., & Waszak, F. (2013). Mechanisms of intentional binding and sensory attenuation: The role of temporal prediction, temporal control, identity prediction, and motor prediction. Psychological Bulletin, 139, 133–151. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0028566
  • Authored Book:
    Rogers, T. T., & McClelland, J. L. (2004). Semantic cognition: A parallel distributed processing approach. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Chapter in an Edited Book:
    Gill, M. J., & Sypher, B. D. (2009). Workplace incivility and organizational trust. In P. Lutgen-Sandvik & B. D. Sypher (Eds.), Destructive organizational communication: Processes, consequences, and constructive ways of organizing (pp. 53–73). New York, NY: Taylor & Francis.

Figures

Graphics files are welcome if supplied as Tiff or EPS files. Multipanel figures (i.e., figures with parts labeled a, b, c, d, etc.) should be assembled into one file.

The minimum line weight for line art is 0.5 point for optimal printing.

For more information about acceptable resolutions, fonts, sizing, and other figure issues, please see the general guidelines.

When possible, please place symbol legends below the figure instead of to the side.

APA offers authors the option to publish their figures online in color without the costs associated with print publication of color figures.

The same caption will appear on both the online (color) and print (black and white) versions. To ensure that the figure can be understood in both formats, authors should add alternative wording (e.g., "the red (dark gray) bars represent") as needed.

For authors who prefer their figures to be published in color both in print and online, original color figures can be printed in color at the editor's and publisher's discretion provided the author agrees to pay:

  • $900 for one figure
  • An additional $600 for the second figure
  • An additional $450 for each subsequent figure

Permissions

Authors of accepted papers must obtain and provide to the editor on final acceptance all necessary permissions to reproduce in print and electronic form any copyrighted work, including test materials (or portions thereof), photographs, and other graphic images (including those used as stimuli in experiments).

On advice of counsel, APA may decline to publish any image whose copyright status is unknown.

Publication Policies

APA policy prohibits an author from submitting the same manuscript for concurrent consideration by two or more publications.

See also APA Journals® Internet Posting Guidelines.

APA requires authors to reveal any possible conflict of interest in the conduct and reporting of research (e.g., financial interests in a test or procedure, funding by pharmaceutical companies for drug research).

Authors of accepted manuscripts are required to transfer the copyright to APA.

Ethical Principles

It is a violation of APA Ethical Principles to publish "as original data, data that have been previously published" (Standard 8.13).

In addition, APA Ethical Principles specify that "after research results are published, psychologists do not withhold the data on which their conclusions are based from other competent professionals who seek to verify the substantive claims through reanalysis and who intend to use such data only for that purpose, provided that the confidentiality of the participants can be protected and unless legal rights concerning proprietary data preclude their release" (Standard 8.14).

APA expects authors to adhere to these standards. Specifically, APA expects authors to have their data available throughout the editorial review process and for at least 5 years after the date of publication.

Authors are required to state in writing that they have complied with APA ethical standards in the treatment of their sample, human or animal, or to describe the details of treatment.

The APA Ethics Office provides the full Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct electronically on its website in HTML, PDF, and Word format. You may also request a copy by emailing or calling the APA Ethics Office (202-336-5930). You may also read "Ethical Principles," December 1992, American Psychologist, Vol. 47, pp. 1597–1611.

Other Information

Special Issues
  • Implicit Processes in Health Psychology

    Special issue of the APA journal Health Psychology, Vol. 35, No. 8, August 2016. Includes articles about tobacco use, eating behavior, physical activity, alcohol consumption, condom use, and the impact of implicit prejudice on physical and mental health.

  • Disparities in Cardiovascular Health

    Special issue of the APA journal Health Psychology, Vol. 35, No. 4, April 2016. The papers offer windows into cutting-edge themes, methodologies, challenges, and future directions in understanding psychosocial factors and sociocultural sequelae as they relate to cardiovascular health disparities.

  • eHealth/mHealth

    Special issue of the APA journal Health Psychology, Vol. 34, No. S, December 2015. The issue includes 11 papers that address the need for more rigorous methodology, valid assessment, innovative interventions, and increased access to evidence-based programs and interventions.

  • Qualitative Research in Health Psychology

    Special issue of the APA journal Health Psychology, Vol. 34, No. 4, April 2015. The issue showcases a range of qualitative research projects conducted by health psychologists with a view to promoting greater uptake and development of qualitative research methods in the field.

  • The Role of Social Networks in Adult Health

    Special issue of the APA journal Health Psychology, Vol. 33, No. 6, June 2014. The studies used diverse measures to quantify social relationships, ranging from network size or composition and social integration to availability of a confidante and quality of social interactions.

  • Health Psychology Meets Behavioral Economics

    Special issue of the APA journal Health Psychology, Vol. 32, No. 9, September 2013. The issue was designed to attract both conceptual and empirical articles, to present a wide spectrum of thinking and methods, and to illustrate how behavioral economics might address today's pressing health problems.

  • Theoretical Innovations in Social and Personality Psychology and Implications for Health

    Special issue of the APA journal Health Psychology, Vol. 32, No. 5, May 2013. Articles highlight major areas of innovation in recent social/personality psychology that hold promise for synergistic integration with health psychology and related fields in the pursuit of adequate health promotion, health care, and population health.

  • Men's Health

    Special issue of the APA journal Health Psychology, Vol. 32, No. 1, January 2013. The first section focuses on public health issues, including physical exercise, alcohol consumption, and help-seeking. The second section covers illness-related phenomena, including male-specific cancers, sports-induced disability, and male sterilization.

  • Tobacco and Health Psychology

    Special issue of the APA journal Health Psychology, Vol. 27, No. 3 (Suppl.), May 2008. Articles discuss psychosocial processes underlying smoking; modern science and tobacco research; initiation and maintenance of smoking cessation; depressive symptoms and cigarette smoking; functional beliefs about smoking and quitting activity; processing of anti-smoking messages; and effect of regulatory focus on performance in smoking and weight loss interventions.

  • Mediation and Moderation

    Special issue of the APA journal Health Psychology, Vol. 27, No. 2 (Supplement), March 2008. Includes articles about mediation and moderation of psychological factors in patients with diabetes; chronic pain; cancer caregivers; and high blood pressure, as well as adolescent health; physical activity; and sexual risk reduction in women.

  • Diet, Exercise, and Diabetes Control

    Special issue of the APA journal Health Psychology, Vol. 27, No. 1, Suppl, January 2008. It was developed to highlight some of the fundamental issues from a biological, cognitive, social, and environmental perspective for understanding the impact of intervention effects on behavior change processes and ultimate health.

  • Basic and Applied Decision Making in Cancer Control

    Special issue of the APA journal Health Psychology, Vol. 24, No. 4, July 2005. Includes articles about decision making strategies; linking decision making research and cancer prevention and treatment; communication models in shared decision making; regret; coping; and advanced directives and end-of-life decisions.

  • Maintenance of Behavior Change in Cardiorespiratory Risk Reduction

    Special issue of the APA journal Health Psychology, Vol. 19, No. 1 (Suppl.), January 2000. Includes articles about long-term maintenance of weight loss and diet; relapse and maintenance issues for smoking cessation; physical activity behavior change; lapse, relapse, and the maintenance of behavior change; and theory-based analysis of behavioral maintenance.

  • Caregiving for Children and Adults With Chronic Conditions

    Special issue of the APA journal Health Psychology, Vol. 17, No. 2, March 1998. Includes articles about patients with spinal cord injuries; AIDS; heart disease; and dementia and their caregivers.

  • Psychological Aspects of Genetic Testing

    Special issue of the APA journal Health Psychology, Vol. 16, No. 1, January 1997. The articles address a broad range of genetic tests, including predictive testing for Huntington’s disease, carrier testing for cystic fibrosis, genetic testing for hereditary forms of breast and colon cancer, and testing for susceptibility to the carcinogenic effects of tobacco.

  • Behavioral and Sociocultural Perspectives on Ethnicity and Health

    Special issue of the APA journal Health Psychology, Vol. 14, No. 7, December 1995. Focusing on minority health, topics discussed include epidemiology; macrosocial and environmental influences; behavioral risk factors; risk-taking and abusive behaviors; adaptive health behaviors; and the health care system.