Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences
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Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences (EBS) publishes manuscripts that advance the study of human behavior from an evolutionary perspective, with an emphasis on work that integrates evolutionary theory with other approaches and perspectives from across the behavioral sciences, including the range of subdisciplines within psychology as well as the social sciences (e.g., sociology, political science, criminology) and humanities (e.g., history, literature studies).
This includes a special interest in work that explores:
- The role of evolved mechanisms in real-world phenomena, especially when the findings hold implications for policy or practice;
- The expression of evolved cognitive, behavioral, and physiological mechanisms across contexts and the consequences they have for the patterns and structure of society;
- The interplay between evolved psychological mechanisms and cultural influences in driving behavior, including papers that test established theory in new cultural contexts.
EBS publishes both empirical and theoretical manuscripts and welcomes quantitative, qualitative, and mixed-method approaches. EBS will consider research on non-human animals provided it offers some insight on a current question in the study of human behavior. The journal is also interested in articles that seek to translate evolutionary reasoning into implications for policy and practice.
The journal also publishes short reports (of no more than 2,500 words) that present new findings in brief without a lengthy theoretical background. In addition, EBS sees reproducibility as a major challenge facing science in general and encourages the submission of replication studies, especially when they test existing knowledge in ways that probe underlying assumptions, and meta-analyses that assess the overall body of work around a particular question.
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All manuscripts must include an abstract containing a maximum of 250 words typed on a separate page. After the abstract, please supply up to five keywords or brief phrases.
Public Significance Statements
Authors submitting manuscripts to Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences are required to provide 2–3 brief sentences regarding the public significance of the study or meta-analysis described in their paper. This description should be included within the manuscript on the abstract/keywords page. It should be written in language that is easily understood by both professionals and members of the lay public.
When an accepted paper is published, these sentences will be boxed beneath the abstract for easy accessibility. All such descriptions will also be published as part of the Table of Contents, as well as on the journal's web page. This new policy is in keeping with efforts to increase dissemination and usage by larger and diverse audiences.
Examples of these 2–3 sentences include the following:
- "A brief cognitive–behavioral intervention for caregivers of children undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplant reduced caregiver distress during the transplant hospitalization. Long-term effects on caregiver distress were found for more anxious caregivers as well as caregivers of children who developed graft-versus-host disease after the transplant."
- "Inhibitory processes, particularly related to temporal attention, may play a critical role in response to exposure therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The main finding that individuals with PTSD who made more clinical improvement showed faster improvement in inhibition over the course of exposure therapy supports the utility of novel therapeutic interventions that specifically target attentional inhibition and better patient-treatment matching."
- "When children participated in the enriched preschool program Head Start REDI, they were more likely to follow optimal developmental trajectories of social–emotional functioning through third grade. Ensuring that all children living in poverty have access to high-quality preschool may be one of the more effective means of reducing disparities in school readiness and increasing the likelihood of lifelong success.
To be maximally useful, these statements of public health significance should not simply be sentences lifted directly from the manuscript.
They are meant to be informative and useful to any reader. They should provide a bottom-line, take-home message that is accurate and easily understood. In addition, they should be able to be translated into media-appropriate statements for use in press releases and on social media.
Prior to final acceptance and publication, all public health significance statements will be carefully reviewed to make sure they meet these standards. Authors will be expected to revise statements as necessary.
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Examples of basic reference formats:
- Journal Article:
Hughes, G., Desantis, A., & Waszak, F. (2013). Mechanisms of intentional binding and sensory attenuation: The role of temporal prediction, temporal control, identity prediction, and motor prediction. Psychological Bulletin, 139, 133–151. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0028566
- Authored Book:
Rogers, T. T., & McClelland, J. L. (2004). Semantic cognition: A parallel distributed processing approach. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
- Chapter in an Edited Book:
Gill, M. J., & Sypher, B. D. (2009). Workplace incivility and organizational trust. In P. Lutgen-Sandvik & B. D. Sypher (Eds.), Destructive organizational communication: Processes, consequences, and constructive ways of organizing (pp. 53–73). New York, NY: Taylor & Francis.
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Visit the Journals Publishing Resource Center for more resources for writing, reviewing, and editing articles for publishing in APA journals.
- Evolution of Cognitive Mechanisms
Special issue of the APA journal Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 12, No. 3, July 2018, on human cognitive evolution. The articles cover diverse adaptive problem domains (e.g., mating, foraging, group living) and topics (e.g., conflict, interpersonal relationships, social learning, decision-making, risk assessment).
- Committed Romantic Relationships
Special issue of the APA journal Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 11, No. 2, April 2017. The articles draw from many established theoretical models about the nature of long-term committed romantic relationships, including predictors of stability and commitment, and present a variety of available methodological tools, with samples from around the world.
- The Behavioral Immune System
Special issue of the APA journal Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 8, No. 4, October 2014. Articles discuss circumscribing the behavioral immune system; affect and cognition; implications for societal dynamics; and methodology and theory.
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