Developmental Psychology ® publishes articles that significantly advance knowledge and theory about development across the life span. The journal focuses on seminal empirical contributions. The journal occasionally publishes exceptionally strong scholarly reviews and theoretical or methodological articles. Studies of any aspect of psychological development are appropriate, as are studies of the biological, social, and cultural factors that affect development.

The journal welcomes not only laboratory-based experimental studies but studies employing other rigorous methodologies, such as ethnographies, field research, and secondary analyses of large data sets. We especially seek submissions in new areas of inquiry and submissions that will address contradictory findings or controversies in the field as well as the generalizability of extant findings in new populations.

Although most articles in this journal address human development, studies of other species are appropriate if they have important implications for human development.

Submissions can consist of single manuscripts, proposed sections, or short reports.

Disclaimer: APA and the Editors of Developmental Psychology® assume no responsibility for statements and opinions advanced by the authors of its articles.

Developmental Psychology® is a registered trademark of American Psychological Association
Editorial Board


Eric F. Dubow
Bowling Green State University and the University of Michigan

Associate Editors

Drew H. Bailey
University of California, Irvine

Lynne E. Baker-Ward
North Carolina State University

Paul Boxer
Rutgers University

Kristin A. Buss
The Pennsylvania State University

Cleopatra Howard Caldwell
University of Michigan

Pamela M. Cole
The Pennsylvania State University

Nancy Eisenberg
Arizona State University

Bert Hayslip, Jr.
University of North Texas

Susan J. Hespos
Northwestern University

Sara Jaffee
University of Pennsylvania

Ernest N. Jouriles
Southern Methodist University

Kristin Hansen Lagattuta
University of California, Davis

Jennifer E. Lansford
Duke University

Stuart Marcovitch
University of North Carolina at Greensboro

Deborah Rivas-Drake
University of Michigan

Martin D. Ruck
The City University of New York

David M. Sobel
Brown University

Erik D. Thiessen
Carnegie Mellon University

Wendy Troop-Gordon
Auburn University

Elliot M. Tucker-Drob
University of Texas at Austin

Consulting Editors

Nameera Akhtar
University of California, Santa Cruz

Sudha Arunachalam
Boston University

Shervin Assari
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

Jay Belsky
University of California, Davis

Elika Bergelson
Duke University

Julie C. Bowker
University at Buffalo, The State University of New York

Daniel A. Briley
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

William M. Bukowski
Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Susan D. Calkins
University of North Carolina Greensboro

Jennifer L. Carrano
University of Delaware

Nadia Chernyak
Boston College

Nicolas Chevalier
University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Jessica A. Church
The University of Texas at Austin

Shauna M. Cooper
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Kathleen H. Corriveau
Boston University

Sarah M. Coyne
Brigham Young University

Michael M. Criss
Oklahoma State University

Audun Dahl
University of California, Santa Cruz

Patrick T. Davies
University of Rochester

Elizabeth L. Davis
University of California, Riverside

Kirby Deater-Deckard
University of Massachusetts Amherst

Laura Di Giunta
Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy

Melanie A. Dirks
McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Meagan Docherty
Arizona State University

Kristen A. Dunfield
Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Natalie D. Eggum-Wilkens
Arizona State University

Samuel E. Ehrenreich
University of Nevada, Reno

Lisa K. Fazio
Vanderbilt University

Alissa Ferry
University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom

Gregory M. Fosco
The Pennsylvania State University

Mary Fuhs
University of Dayton

Jody M. Ganiban
George Washington University

Anna Gassman-Pines
Duke University

Simona Ghetti
University of California, Davis

Sara E. Goldstein
Montclair State University

John Grych
Marquette University

Robert Guttentag
University of North Carolina Greensboro

Kiley Hamlin
University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Heather A. Henderson
University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada

Ernest V. E. Hodges
St. John's University

Claire Hughes
University of Cambridge

Justin Jager
Arizona State University

Jade Marcus Jenkins
University of California, Irvine

Philipp Jugert
University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany

Peggy S. Keller
University of Kentucky

Melissa M. Kibbe
Boston University

Elizabeth J. Kiel
Miami University

Melanie Killen
University of Maryland

Katherine D. Kinzler
Cornell University

Theo A. Klimstra
Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands

Chrystyna D. Kouros
Southern Methodist University

Jonathan D. Lane
Vanderbilt University

Tessa A.M. Lansu
Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands

Elizabeth A. Lemerise
Western Kentucky University

Casey Lew-Williams
Princeton University

James J. Li
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Andrew K. Littlefield
Texas Tech University

Vanessa LoBue
Rutgers University

Sabina Low
Arizona State University

Caitlin E. V. Mahy
Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada

Robert J. Maiden
Alfred University

Nicole M. McNeil
University of Notre Dame

Jane Mendle
Cornell University

Stephanie E. Miller
University of Mississippi

Candice M. Mills
The University of Texas at Dallas

Louis J. Moses
University of Oregon

René Mõttus
University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Kelly Lynn Mulvey
University of South Carolina

Dianna Murray-Close
University of Vermont

Velma McBride Murry
Vanderbilt University

Erika Y. Niwa
Brooklyn College, The City University of New York

Robert L. Nix
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Laura M. Padilla-Walker
Brigham Young University

Kristin Pauker
University of Hawaii at Manoa

Koraly Pérez-Edgar
The Pennsylvania State University

Wizdom A. Powell
University of Connecticut

Diane L. Putnick
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Chandra A. Reynolds
University of California Riverside

Mijke Rhemtulla
University of California, Davis

Marjorie Rhodes
New York University

Stuart J. Ritchie
The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Adam Rutland
Goldsmiths, University of London, London, United Kingdom

Jessica Salvatore
Virginia Commonwealth University

Eleanor K. Seaton
Arizona State University

Andrew Shtulman
Occidental College

Judith G. Smetana
University of Rochester

Gregory C. Smith
Kent State University

Gabriela Livas Stein
University of North Carolina at Greensboro

Harvey L. Sterns
The University of Akron

Michael J. Sulik
Stanford University

Clarissa A. Thompson
Kent State University

Carol Van Hulle
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Kristy vanMarle
University of Missouri - Columbia

Deena Skolnick Weisberg
University of Pennsylvania

Dawn Witherspoon
The Pennyslvania State University

Laura Wray-Lake
University of California, Los Angeles

Tiffany Yip
Fordham University

Katharine H. Zeiders
University of Arizona

Editorial Manager

Deanna J. Maida
University of Michigan

Abstracting & Indexing

Abstracting and indexing services providing coverage of Developmental Psychology®

  • Academic OneFile
  • Academic Search Alumni Edition
  • Academic Search Complete
  • Academic Search Elite
  • Academic Search Index
  • Academic Search Premier
  • Advanced Placement Psychology Collection
  • ASSIA: Applied Social Sciences Index & Abstracts
  • CAB Abstracts
  • Cabell's Directory of Publishing Opportunities in Psychology
  • Child Development & Adolescent Studies
  • CINAHL Complete
  • CINAHL Plus
  • Criminal Justice Abstracts
  • Criminal Justice Abstracts with Full Text
  • Current Abstracts
  • Current Contents: Social & Behavioral Sciences
  • Education Abstracts
  • Education Full Text
  • Education Research Complete
  • Education Source
  • Educational Research Abstracts Online
  • Educator's Reference Complete
  • ERIC
  • Expanded Academic ASAP
  • Family & Society Studies Worldwide
  • Family Studies Abstracts
  • General OneFile
  • Global Health
  • Health & Wellness Resource Center and Alternative Health Module
  • Health Reference Center Academic
  • Humanities and Social Sciences Index Retrospective
  • IBZ / IBR (Internationale Bibliographie der Rezensionen Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaftlicher Literatur)
  • InfoTrac Custom
  • Journal Citations Report: Social Sciences Edition
  • Linguistics & Language Behavior Abstracts
  • MLA International Bibliography
  • NSA Collection
  • Nutrition Abstracts and Reviews
  • OCLC
  • OmniFile Full Text Mega
  • Professional Collection
  • Professional Development Collection
  • Professional ProQuest Central
  • ProQuest Central
  • ProQuest Criminal Justice
  • ProQuest Discovery
  • ProQuest Education Journals
  • ProQuest Platinum Periodicals
  • ProQuest Professional Education
  • ProQuest Psychology Journals
  • ProQuest Research Library
  • ProQuest Social Science Journals
  • Psychology Collection
  • PsycINFO
  • PsycLine
  • SafetyLit
  • Social Sciences Abstracts
  • Social Sciences Citation Index
  • Social Sciences Full Text
  • Social Sciences Index Retrospective
  • Social Work Abstracts
  • Studies on Women and Gender Abstracts
  • TOC Premier
  • Tropical Diseases Bulletin
  • Women's Studies International
Manuscript Submission

Prior to submission, please carefully read and follow the submission guidelines detailed below. Manuscripts that do not conform to the submission guidelines may be returned without review.


Submit manuscripts electronically via the Manuscript Submission Portal, and mail any other correspondence to the Editor:

Submit Manuscript

Eric F. Dubow
Editor, Developmental Psychology
Department of Psychology
Bowling Green State University
Bowling Green, OH 43403

General correspondence may be directed to the Editor's Office.


Manuscripts should be the appropriate length for the material being presented. Manuscripts can vary from 2500–4500 words for a brief report to 10,500 words for a larger research report to 15,000 words for a report containing multiple studies or comprehensive longitudinal studies. Editors will decide on the appropriate length and may return a manuscript for revision before reviews if they think the paper is too long. Please make manuscripts as brief as possible. We have a strong preference for shorter papers.

Facilitating Manuscript Review

In addition to email addresses, please supply mailing addresses, phone numbers, and fax numbers. Most correspondence will be handled by email. Keep a copy of the manuscript to guard against loss.

Masked Review Policy

This journal uses masked review for all submissions. Make every effort to see that the manuscript itself contains no clues to the authors' identity. The submission letter should indicate the title of the manuscript, the authors' names and institutional affiliations, and the date the manuscript is submitted.

The first page of the manuscript should omit the authors' names and affiliations but should include the title of the manuscript and the date it is submitted. Author notes, acknowledgments, and footnotes containing information pertaining to the authors' identity or affiliations may be added on acceptance.


Description of Sample

Authors should be sure to report the procedures for sample selection and recruitment. Major demographic characteristics should be reported, such as sex, age, socioeconomic status, race/ethnicity, and, when possible and appropriate, disability status and sexual orientation. Even when such demographic characteristics are not analytic variables, they provide a more complete understanding of the sample and of the generalizability of the findings and are useful in future meta-analytic studies.

Authors should provide a justification that their sample size is appropriate beyond just citing convention in the literature. Justification could include a power analysis, a stopping rule, and/or some other type of valid justification.


For all study results, measures of both practical and statistical significance should be reported. The latter can involve either a standard error or an appropriate confidence interval. Practical significance can be reported using an effect size, a standardized regression coefficient, a factor loading, or an odds ratio.


Manuscripts should include information regarding the establishment of interrater reliability when relevant, including the mechanisms used to establish reliability and the statistical verification of rater agreement and excluding the names of the trainers and the amount of personal contact with such individuals.

Data Transparency and Openness Statement

The policy of Developmental Psychology is to encourage data transparency to ensure the reproducibility of research results. Thus, we encourage researchers, when possible, to share their data, methods used in their analyses, and materials used to conduct their research. At the same time, we recognize that a one-size-fits-all model is not feasible across disciplines, or even within disciplines depending on many factors (e.g., participant informed consent, types of study designs), although much progress has been made by data repositories even with very sensitive data and methods.

As part of APA's ongoing efforts to increase transparency and collaboration in scientific research, our journal now offers authors the option of depositing their data into APA's own repository hosted by the Center for Open Science at This repository will help researchers work on a project privately, with collaborators, or allow them to make parts of or their entire project publicly accessible. The repository will store and archive research data, protocols and materials, with data being made open once it is published in an APA journal. If you choose to submit your data to the repository, please include the dataset’s OSF link as part of your author note, and include the data citation in your reference list.

Developmental Psychology asks authors to respond to checklist items, adopted from the Transparency and Openness Promotion (TOP) Guidelines (, to indicate whether (and on which repository) their research materials are available to other researchers: data, stimulus materials, and analysis code. Responses to these questions are not used to evaluate manuscripts and are not sent to reviewers, but rather are used by the Editor and Associate Editors to collect internal data to learn more about approaches to data transparency in our discipline.

Manuscript Preparation

Prepare manuscripts according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition). Manuscripts may be copyedited for bias-free language (see Chapter 3 of the Publication Manual).

Review APA's Checklist for Manuscript Submission before submitting your article.

Double-space all copy. Other formatting instructions, as well as instructions on preparing tables, figures, references, metrics, and abstracts, appear in the Manual. Additional guidance on APA Style is available on the APA Style website.

Below are additional instructions regarding the preparation of display equations, computer code, and tables.

Display Equations

We strongly encourage you to use MathType (third-party software) or Equation Editor 3.0 (built into pre-2007 versions of Word) to construct your equations, rather than the equation support that is built into Word 2007 and Word 2010. Equations composed with the built-in Word 2007/Word 2010 equation support are converted to low-resolution graphics when they enter the production process and must be rekeyed by the typesetter, which may introduce errors.

To construct your equations with MathType or Equation Editor 3.0:

  • Go to the Text section of the Insert tab and select Object.
  • Select MathType or Equation Editor 3.0 in the drop-down menu.

If you have an equation that has already been produced using Microsoft Word 2007 or 2010 and you have access to the full version of MathType 6.5 or later, you can convert this equation to MathType by clicking on MathType Insert Equation. Copy the equation from Microsoft Word and paste it into the MathType box. Verify that your equation is correct, click File, and then click Update. Your equation has now been inserted into your Word file as a MathType Equation.

Use Equation Editor 3.0 or MathType only for equations or for formulas that cannot be produced as Word text using the Times or Symbol font.

Computer Code

Because altering computer code in any way (e.g., indents, line spacing, line breaks, page breaks) during the typesetting process could alter its meaning, we treat computer code differently from the rest of your article in our production process. To that end, we request separate files for computer code.

In Online Supplemental Material

We request that runnable source code be included as supplemental material to the article. For more information, visit Supplementing Your Article With Online Material.

In the Text of the Article

If you would like to include code in the text of your published manuscript, please submit a separate file with your code exactly as you want it to appear, using Courier New font with a type size of 8 points. We will make an image of each segment of code in your article that exceeds 40 characters in length. (Shorter snippets of code that appear in text will be typeset in Courier New and run in with the rest of the text.) If an appendix contains a mix of code and explanatory text, please submit a file that contains the entire appendix, with the code keyed in 8-point Courier New.


Use Word's Insert Table function when you create tables. Using spaces or tabs in your table will create problems when the table is typeset and may result in errors.

Academic Writing and English Language Editing Services

Authors who feel that their manuscript may benefit from additional academic writing or language editing support prior to submission are encouraged to seek out such services at their host institutions, engage with colleagues and subject matter experts, and/or consider several vendors that offer discounts to APA authors.

Please note that APA does not endorse or take responsibility for the service providers listed. It is strictly a referral service.

Use of such service is not mandatory for publication in an APA journal. Use of one or more of these services does not guarantee selection for peer review, manuscript acceptance, or preference for publication in any APA journal.

Submitting Supplemental Materials

APA can place supplemental materials online, available via the published article in the PsycARTICLES® database. Please see Supplementing Your Article With Online Material for more details.

Abstract and Keywords

All manuscripts must include an abstract containing a maximum of 250 words typed on a separate page. After the abstract, please supply up to six keywords or brief phrases.


List references in alphabetical order. Each listed reference should be cited in text, and each text citation should be listed in the References section.

Examples of basic reference formats:

  • Journal Article:
    Hughes, G., Desantis, A., & Waszak, F. (2013). Mechanisms of intentional binding and sensory attenuation: The role of temporal prediction, temporal control, identity prediction, and motor prediction. Psychological Bulletin, 139, 133–151.
  • Authored Book:
    Rogers, T. T., & McClelland, J. L. (2004). Semantic cognition: A parallel distributed processing approach. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Chapter in an Edited Book:
    Gill, M. J., & Sypher, B. D. (2009). Workplace incivility and organizational trust. In P. Lutgen-Sandvik & B. D. Sypher (Eds.), Destructive organizational communication: Processes, consequences, and constructive ways of organizing (pp. 53–73). New York, NY: Taylor & Francis.


Graphics files are welcome if supplied as Tiff or EPS files. Multipanel figures (i.e., figures with parts labeled a, b, c, d, etc.) should be assembled into one file.

The minimum line weight for line art is 0.5 point for optimal printing.

For more information about acceptable resolutions, fonts, sizing, and other figure issues, please see the general guidelines.

When possible, please place symbol legends below the figure instead of to the side.

APA offers authors the option to publish their figures online in color without the costs associated with print publication of color figures.

The same caption will appear on both the online (color) and print (black and white) versions. To ensure that the figure can be understood in both formats, authors should add alternative wording (e.g., "the red (dark gray) bars represent") as needed.

For authors who prefer their figures to be published in color both in print and online, original color figures can be printed in color at the editor's and publisher's discretion provided the author agrees to pay:

  • $900 for one figure
  • An additional $600 for the second figure
  • An additional $450 for each subsequent figure


Authors of accepted papers must obtain and provide to the editor on final acceptance all necessary permissions to reproduce in print and electronic form any copyrighted work, including test materials (or portions thereof), photographs, and other graphic images (including those used as stimuli in experiments).

On advice of counsel, APA may decline to publish any image whose copyright status is unknown.

Publication Policies

APA policy prohibits an author from submitting the same manuscript for concurrent consideration by two or more publications.

See also APA Journals® Internet Posting Guidelines.

APA requires authors to reveal any possible conflict of interest in the conduct and reporting of research (e.g., financial interests in a test or procedure, funding by pharmaceutical companies for drug research).

In light of changing patterns of scientific knowledge dissemination, APA requires authors to provide information on prior dissemination of the data and narrative interpretations of the data/research appearing in the manuscript (e.g., if some or all were presented at a conference or meeting, posted on a listserv, shared on a website, including academic social networks like ResearchGate, etc.). This information (2–4 sentences) must be provided as part of the Author Note.

Authors of accepted manuscripts are required to transfer the copyright to APA.

Ethical Principles

It is a violation of APA Ethical Principles to publish "as original data, data that have been previously published" (Standard 8.13).

In addition, APA Ethical Principles specify that "after research results are published, psychologists do not withhold the data on which their conclusions are based from other competent professionals who seek to verify the substantive claims through reanalysis and who intend to use such data only for that purpose, provided that the confidentiality of the participants can be protected and unless legal rights concerning proprietary data preclude their release" (Standard 8.14).

APA expects authors to adhere to these standards. Specifically, APA expects authors to have their data available throughout the editorial review process and for at least 5 years after the date of publication.

Authors are required to state in writing that they have complied with APA ethical standards in the treatment of their sample, human or animal, or to describe the details of treatment.

The APA Ethics Office provides the full Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct electronically on its website in HTML, PDF, and Word format. You may also request a copy by emailing or calling the APA Ethics Office (202-336-5930). You may also read "Ethical Principles," December 1992, American Psychologist, Vol. 47, pp. 1597–1611.

Other Information

Special Issues
  • Identity Development Process and Content

    Special issue of the APA journal Developmental Psychology, Vol. 53, No. 11, November 2017. The articles examine identity in developmental stages ranging from early childhood to young adulthood, and represent samples from 5 different countries.

  • Selective Social Learning

    Special issue of the APA journal Developmental Psychology, Vol. 49, No. 3, March 2013. The articles pose important questions concerning how children learn from others, what the characteristic signatures of social learning might be, and how this learning changes over time.

  • Violent Children

    Special issue of the APA journal Developmental Psychology, Vol. 39, No. 2, March 2003. Includes articles about conduct problems; exposure to TV violence and violent behavior in young adulthood; childhood disruptive behaviors and adolescent delinquency; developmental pathways to severe conduct problems; physical aggression and expressive vocabulary; urban males' youth violence; a school-based violence prevention program; biological and social processes in relation to early-onset persistent aggression; and a biopsychosocial model of the development of chronic conduct problems.

  • Social and Emotional Development

    Special issue of the APA journal Developmental Psychology, Vol. 34, No. 4, July 1998. Four sections examine culture as it relates to emotional development; parenting and parent-child relationships; social cognition and social relationships; and social and emotional adjustment and maladjustment.

  • Development, Transitions, and Adjustment in Adolescence

    Special issue of the APA journal Developmental Psychology, Vol. 32, No. 4, July 1996. Includes articles about environment, biology, and culture; developmental interface between nature and nurture; family environment; puberty; sexual intercourse; risk factors for binge drinking; kinship support and family management practices; and parenting behaviors.

  • Sexual Orientation and Human Development

    Special issue of the APA journal Developmental Psychology, Vol. 31, No. 1, January 1995. The articles discuss development and other issues in sexual orientation, including prenatal estrogen; birth order and sibling sex ratio; childhood sex-typed behavior; pubertal maturation timing and self-esteem; victimization; prevalence, course, and predictors of multiple problem behaviors; developmental changes in relationship quality; transitions from heterosexuality to lesbianism; lesbian and heterosexual parents and their children; parents' division of labor and children's adjustment; and sexual orientation of adult sons of gay fathers.