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The primary mission of Behavioral Neuroscience® is to publish original research articles as well as reviews in the broad field of the neural bases of behavior.

We seek empirical papers reporting novel results that provide insight into the mechanisms by which nervous systems produce and are affected by behavior. Experimental subjects may include human and non-human animals and may address any phase of the lifespan, from early development to senescence.

Studies employing brain-imaging techniques in normal and pathological human populations are encouraged, as are studies using non-traditional species (including invertebrates) and employing comparative analyses. Studies using computational approaches to understand behavior and cognition are particularly encouraged.

In addition to behavior, it is expected that some aspect of nervous system function will be manipulated or observed, ranging across molecular, cellular, neuroanatomical, neuroendocrinological, neuropharmacological, and neurophysiological levels of analysis. Behavioral studies are welcome so long as their implications for our understanding of the nervous system are clearly described in the paper.

Behavioral Neuroscience primarily publishes original research articles reporting novel findings. However, the journal also publishes registered reports, negative findings, and replications of previously reported findings. Preregistration of replication studies is strongly recommended, but not required.

Each of these article types may be full-length research papers or brief communications. Brief communications are limited to 3,250 words of text and two figures and/or tables. When appropriate, commentaries on research papers are invited by the editors.

We welcome reviews on any theoretical, empirical, or historical topic related to the role of the nervous system in the production of behavior.

Inquiries about potential review topics can be addressed to the Editor.

Relevant information for each of these article types can be found under the Manuscript Submission tab.

Topic areas covered by the journal include:

  • learning and memory, attention, decision making
  • perception, spatial cognition, sensorimotor processing and integration
  • human and non-human animal cognition and emotion
  • molecular, cellular, and circuit level analyses of behavior and cognition
  • motivation, reward, homeostasis and biorhythms
  • animal models of psychopathology, addiction, and neurodegenerative disorders
  • developmental and lifespan analyses

Disclaimer: APA and the Editors of Behavioral Neuroscience® assume no responsibility for statements and opinions advanced by the authors of its articles.

Behavioral Neuroscience® is a registered trademark of American Psychological Association
Editorial Board


Rebecca D. Burwell
Brown University, Providence, RI

Associate Editors

Mark G. Baxter
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY

Elizabeth A. Buffalo
University of Washington, Seattle, WA

Michael J. Frank
Brown University, Providence, RI

Cynthia F. Moss
Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD

Geoffrey Schoenbaum
Private Practice

Consulting Editors

Ted G. Abel
University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA

John P. Aggleton
Cardiff University, Cardiff Wales United Kingdom

Cristina M. Alberini
New York University, New York, NY

Jeffrey R. Alberts
Indiana University, Bloomington, IN

Timothy A. Allen
Florida International University, Miami, FL

Jocelyne Bachevalier
Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, GA

David Badre
Brown University, Providence, RI

Bernard W. Balleine
University of Sydney, Camperdown, Australia

Moshe Bar
Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, Israel

Carol A. Barnes
University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ

Kevin G. Bath
Brown University, Providence, RI

Greg B. Bissonette
National Institute on Aging (NIA), Bethesda, MD

Mark S. Blumberg
University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA

Jennifer M. Bossert
NIDA/NIH, Baltimore, MD

Mark E. Bouton
University of Vermont, Burlington, VT

Robert S. Bridges
Tufts University–Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, North Grafton, MA

David J. Bucci
Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH

Sara N. Burke
University of Florida, Gainesville, FL

Regina M. Carelli
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC

Frances A. Champagne
Columbia University, New York, NY

Andrea A. Chiba
University of California–San Diego, La Jolla, CA

Lique M. Coolen
University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS

Alice Cronin-Golomb
Boston University, Boston, MA

Nathaniel D. Daw
Princeton University, Princeton, NJ

John F. Disterhoft
Northwestern University, Chicago, IL

Juan M. Dominguez
University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX

Amelia J. Eisch
University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA

Michael S. Fanselow
University of California–Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA

Stan B. Floresco
University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada

John H. Freeman
University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA

Karyn M. Frick
University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI

Stephen C. Gammie
University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI

Asif A. Ghazanfar
Princeton University, Princeton, NJ

Paul E. Gold
Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY

Katalin M. Gothard
The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ

Thomas J. Gould
Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA

James W. Grau
Texas A&M University, College Station, TX

Amy L. Griffin
University of Delaware, Newark, DE

Patricia Sue Grigson
Pennsylvania State College of Medicine, Hershey, PA

Michael E. Hasselmo
Boston University, Boston, MA

Fred J. Helmstetter
University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI

Mihaela D. Iordanova
Concordia University, Montreal, Canada

Alicia Izquierdo
University of California–Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA

J. David Jentsch
State University of New York–Binghamton, Binghamton, NY

Theresa A. Jones
University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX

Janice M. Juraska
University of Illinois–Champaign/Urbana, Champaign, IL

Donald B. Katz
Brandeis University, Waltham, MA

Martin Kavaliers
University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada

Leslie M. Kay
University of Chicago, Chicago, IL

Raymond P. Kesner
University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT

Jeansok J. Kim
University of Washington, Seattle, WA

Brock Kirwan
Brigham Young University, Provo, UT

Bryan E. Kolb
University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, AB, Canada

Kevin S. LaBar
Duke University, Durham, NC

Matthew Lattal
Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR

Michael A. Leon
University of California–Irvine, Irvine, CA

Christiane Linster
Cornell University, Ithaca, NY

Joseph S. Lonstein
Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI

Carmen S. Maldonado-Vlaar
University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico

Ludise Malkova
Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC

Nathan J. Marchant
VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Bruce S. McEwen
Rockefeller University, New York, NY

Jill A. McGaughy
University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH

Gavin P. McNally
University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

Sheri J. Y. Mizumori
University of Washington, Seattle, WA

Lisa M. Monteggia
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallax, TX

Mark B. Moss
Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA

Elisabeth A. Murray
National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, MD

Randy J. Nelson
The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH

Yael Niv
Princeton University, Princeton, NJ

Ralph E. Norgren
Pennsylvania State University, Hershey, PA

Jelena Radulovic
Northwestern University, Chicago, IL

Michael E. Ragozzino
University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL

Catharine H. Rankin
University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada

Peter R. Rapp
National Institute on Aging, Baltimore, MD

Stephen Reilly
University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL

Rick Richardson
University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

Trevor W. Robbins
University of Cambridge, Cambridge, England, United Kingdom

Martin F. Sarter
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI

Bernard G. Schreurs
West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV

Barry Setlow
University of Florida, Gainesville, FL

Steven J. Siegel
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA

David M. Smith
Cornell University, Ithaca, NY

Mark E. Stanton
University of Delaware, Newark, DE

Chantal E. Stern
Boston University, Boston, MA

Neal R. Swerdlow
University of California–San Diego, La Jolla, CA

Susan E. Swithers
Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN

Jeffrey S. Taube
Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH

Victoria L. Templer
Providence College, Providence, RI

Catharine A. Winstanley
University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada

Peer Review Coordinator

Svetlana Efremova

Abstracting & Indexing

Abstracting and indexing services providing coverage of Behavioral Neuroscience®

  • Abstracts in Anthropology
  • Academic OneFile
  • Academic Search Alumni Edition
  • Academic Search Complete
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  • Academic Search Research & Development
  • AgBiotech News and Information
  • Animal Behavior Abstracts
  • Animal Breeding Abstracts
  • Animal Production Database
  • Animal Science Database
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  • Biological & Agricultural Index Plus
  • Biological Abstracts
  • Biological Sciences
  • BIOSIS Previews
  • Biotechnology and BioEngineering Abstracts
  • CAB Abstracts
  • Cabell's Directory of Publishing Opportunities in Psychology
  • Chemical Abstracts
  • Chemoreception Abstracts
  • Current Abstracts
  • Current Contents: Life Sciences
  • Embase (Excerpta Medica)
  • Engineering Research Database
  • Expanded Academic ASAP
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  • Global Health
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  • International Index of Music Periodicals (IIMPA)
  • Journal Citations Report: Social Sciences Edition
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  • Science Citation Index Expanded
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Manuscript Submission

Prior to submission, please carefully read and follow the submission guidelines detailed below. Manuscripts that do not conform to the submission guidelines may be returned without review.


Behavioral Neuroscience® is a bimonthly, peer-reviewed journal that publishes research articles in the broad field of the neural bases of behavior. A detailed description of the editorial coverage policy appears on the inside of the front cover of each issue.

Behavioral Neuroscience is a member of the Neuroscience Peer Review Consortium.

To submit to the Editorial Office of Rebecca D. Burwell, please submit manuscripts electronically through the Manuscript Submission Portal in Microsoft Word or Open Office format.

Submit Manuscript

General correspondence may be directed to the Editorial Office.

The manuscript file for new submissions or revisions should include the text, tables, and figures; should be in Word (.doc), Rich Text Format (.rtf) or PDF formats; and should not exceed 20MB.

In addition to addresses and phone numbers, please supply email addresses for potential use by the Editorial Office and later by the Production Office.

Behavioral Neuroscience is now using a software system to screen submitted content for similarity with other published content. The system compares the initial version of each submitted manuscript against a database of 40+ million scholarly documents, as well as content appearing on the open web. This allows APA to check submissions for potential overlap with material previously published in scholarly journals (e.g., lifted or republished material).

Registered Reports

In addition to full-length research papers reporting novel findings, the journal publishes registered reports, negative findings, replications, commentaries and reviews. Preregistration of replication studies is strongly recommended, but not required.

The Center for Open Science is awarding 1,000 researchers who preregister their studies $1,000 each for publishing in Behavioral Neuroscience. To be eligible, authors must preregister before beginning the study using the Open Science Framework; see the Preregistration Challenge page for details.

Registered reports require a two-step review process.

The first step is the submission of the registration manuscript. This is a partial manuscript that includes hypotheses, rationale for the study, experimental design, and methods. The partial manuscript will be reviewed for significance and methodological approach.

If the partial manuscript is accepted this amounts to provisional acceptance of the full report regardless of the outcome of the study. The full manuscript will receive rapid editorial review, for adherence to the preregistered design, and expedited production for publication in the journal.

All articles can be published as full length articles or as brief communications. Brief communications must not exceed 3,250 words of text, with no more than two figures and/or tables.

Submission Letter

Include the following in your submission letter:

  • A statement designating the type of article being submitted: report of novel findings, registered report (report registration or manuscript reporting completed study), negative finding, replication, commentary, or review.
  • For brief communications, a statement that the article is 3,250 words of text and two figures and/or tables, or less.
  • A statement of compliance with APA ethical standards in the treatment of your sample, human or animal, or a description of the details of the treatment.
  • A statement that the manuscript or data have not been published previously and that they are not under consideration for publication elsewhere.
  • A statement to reflect that all listed authors have contributed significantly to the manuscript and consent to their names on the manuscript.
  • A statement to disclose any possible conflict of interest in the conduct and reporting of research (e.g., financial interests in a test or procedure, funding by pharmaceutical companies for drug research).

Authors are encouraged to suggest five reviewers who are especially qualified to review their work and would not have a conflict of interest serving as a referee.

Review Policy

Masked reviews are optional, and authors who wish masked reviews must specifically request them when submitting their manuscripts.

Each copy of a manuscript to be mask-reviewed should include a separate title page with authors' names and affiliations, and these should not appear anywhere else on the manuscript. Footnotes that identify the authors should be typed on a separate page.

Authors should make every effort to see that the manuscript itself contains no clues to their identities.

If your manuscript was mask reviewed, please ensure that the final version for production includes a byline and full author note for typesetting.

Abbreviations and Metrics

Nonstandard abbreviations should be introduced by placing the abbreviation in parentheses after the first occurrence of the term being abbreviated in both the abstract and the text. The metric system should be followed for all volumes, lengths, weights, and so on. Temperatures should be expressed in degrees Celsius (centigrade). Units should conform to the International System of Units (SI; see the Publication Manual).


Revised manuscripts are processed electronically and should also be uploaded through the Manuscript Submission Portal. Manuscripts need not be accompanied by a copy of the original version. Revisions not returned within 2 months of the last action date will be treated as a new submission.


All proofs must be corrected and returned within 48 hours of receipt. Any extensive nonessential changes and extensive changes due to author error may incur charges.

With the proofs will be a form providing the author with the opportunity to order reprints. Direct inquiries to the APA Journals Office can be made at 202-336-5540; fax 202-336-5549.

Manuscript Preparation

Prepare manuscripts according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition). Manuscripts may be copyedited for bias-free language (see Chapter 3 of the Publication Manual).

Review APA's Checklist for Manuscript Submission before submitting your article.

Double-space all copy. Other formatting instructions, as well as instructions on preparing tables, figures, references, metrics, and abstracts, appear in the Manual. Additional guidance on APA Style is available on the APA Style website.

Below are additional instructions regarding the preparation of display equations, computer code, and tables.

Display Equations

We strongly encourage you to use MathType (third-party software) or Equation Editor 3.0 (built into pre-2007 versions of Word) to construct your equations, rather than the equation support that is built into Word 2007 and Word 2010. Equations composed with the built-in Word 2007/Word 2010 equation support are converted to low-resolution graphics when they enter the production process and must be rekeyed by the typesetter, which may introduce errors.

To construct your equations with MathType or Equation Editor 3.0:

  • Go to the Text section of the Insert tab and select Object.
  • Select MathType or Equation Editor 3.0 in the drop-down menu.

If you have an equation that has already been produced using Microsoft Word 2007 or 2010 and you have access to the full version of MathType 6.5 or later, you can convert this equation to MathType by clicking on MathType Insert Equation. Copy the equation from Microsoft Word and paste it into the MathType box. Verify that your equation is correct, click File, and then click Update. Your equation has now been inserted into your Word file as a MathType Equation.

Use Equation Editor 3.0 or MathType only for equations or for formulas that cannot be produced as Word text using the Times or Symbol font.

Computer Code

Because altering computer code in any way (e.g., indents, line spacing, line breaks, page breaks) during the typesetting process could alter its meaning, we treat computer code differently from the rest of your article in our production process. To that end, we request separate files for computer code.

In Online Supplemental Material

We request that runnable source code be included as supplemental material to the article. For more information, visit Supplementing Your Article With Online Material.

In the Text of the Article

If you would like to include code in the text of your published manuscript, please submit a separate file with your code exactly as you want it to appear, using Courier New font with a type size of 8 points. We will make an image of each segment of code in your article that exceeds 40 characters in length. (Shorter snippets of code that appear in text will be typeset in Courier New and run in with the rest of the text.) If an appendix contains a mix of code and explanatory text, please submit a file that contains the entire appendix, with the code keyed in 8-point Courier New.


Use Word's Insert Table function when you create tables. Using spaces or tabs in your table will create problems when the table is typeset and may result in errors.

Academic Writing and English Language Editing Services

Authors who feel that their manuscript may benefit from additional academic writing or language editing support prior to submission are encouraged to seek out such services at their host institutions, engage with colleagues and subject matter experts, and/or consider several vendors that offer discounts to APA authors.

Please note that APA does not endorse or take responsibility for the service providers listed. It is strictly a referral service.

Use of such service is not mandatory for publication in an APA journal. Use of one or more of these services does not guarantee selection for peer review, manuscript acceptance, or preference for publication in any APA journal.

Submitting Supplemental Materials

APA can place supplemental materials online, available via the published article in the PsycARTICLES® database. Please see Supplementing Your Article With Online Material for more details.

Abstract and Keywords

All manuscripts must include an abstract containing a maximum of 250 words typed on a separate page. After the abstract, please supply up to five keywords or brief phrases.


List references in alphabetical order. Each listed reference should be cited in text, and each text citation should be listed in the References section.

Examples of basic reference formats:

  • Journal Article:
    Hughes, G., Desantis, A., & Waszak, F. (2013). Mechanisms of intentional binding and sensory attenuation: The role of temporal prediction, temporal control, identity prediction, and motor prediction. Psychological Bulletin, 139, 133–151.
  • Authored Book:
    Rogers, T. T., & McClelland, J. L. (2004). Semantic cognition: A parallel distributed processing approach. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Chapter in an Edited Book:
    Gill, M. J., & Sypher, B. D. (2009). Workplace incivility and organizational trust. In P. Lutgen-Sandvik & B. D. Sypher (Eds.), Destructive organizational communication: Processes, consequences, and constructive ways of organizing (pp. 53–73). New York, NY: Taylor & Francis.


Graphics files are welcome if supplied as Tiff or EPS files. Multipanel figures (i.e., figures with parts labeled a, b, c, d, etc.) should be assembled into one file.

The minimum line weight for line art is 0.5 point for optimal printing.

For more information about acceptable resolutions, fonts, sizing, and other figure issues, please see the general guidelines.

When possible, please place symbol legends below the figure instead of to the side.

APA offers authors the option to publish their figures online in color without the costs associated with print publication of color figures.

The same caption will appear on both the online (color) and print (black and white) versions. To ensure that the figure can be understood in both formats, authors should add alternative wording (e.g., "the red (dark gray) bars represent") as needed.

For authors who prefer their figures to be published in color both in print and online, original color figures can be printed in color at the editor's and publisher's discretion provided the author agrees to pay:

  • $900 for one figure
  • An additional $600 for the second figure
  • An additional $450 for each subsequent figure


Authors of accepted papers must obtain and provide to the editor on final acceptance all necessary permissions to reproduce in print and electronic form any copyrighted work, including test materials (or portions thereof), photographs, and other graphic images (including those used as stimuli in experiments).

On advice of counsel, APA may decline to publish any image whose copyright status is unknown.

Publication Policies

APA policy prohibits an author from submitting the same manuscript for concurrent consideration by two or more publications.

See also APA Journals® Internet Posting Guidelines.

APA requires authors to reveal any possible conflict of interest in the conduct and reporting of research (e.g., financial interests in a test or procedure, funding by pharmaceutical companies for drug research).

In light of changing patterns of scientific knowledge dissemination, APA requires authors to provide information on prior dissemination of the data and narrative interpretations of the data/research appearing in the manuscript (e.g., if some or all were presented at a conference or meeting, posted on a listserv, shared on a website, including academic social networks like ResearchGate, etc.). This information (2–4 sentences) must be provided as part of the Author Note.

Authors of accepted manuscripts are required to transfer the copyright to APA.

Ethical Principles

It is a violation of APA Ethical Principles to publish "as original data, data that have been previously published" (Standard 8.13).

In addition, APA Ethical Principles specify that "after research results are published, psychologists do not withhold the data on which their conclusions are based from other competent professionals who seek to verify the substantive claims through reanalysis and who intend to use such data only for that purpose, provided that the confidentiality of the participants can be protected and unless legal rights concerning proprietary data preclude their release" (Standard 8.14).

APA expects authors to adhere to these standards. Specifically, APA expects authors to have their data available throughout the editorial review process and for at least 5 years after the date of publication.

Authors are required to state in writing that they have complied with APA ethical standards in the treatment of their sample, human or animal, or to describe the details of treatment.

The APA Ethics Office provides the full Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct electronically on its website in HTML, PDF, and Word format. You may also request a copy by emailing or calling the APA Ethics Office (202-336-5930). You may also read "Ethical Principles," December 1992, American Psychologist, Vol. 47, pp. 1597–1611.

Other Information

Special Issues
  • Behavioral Neuroscience of Sleep

    Special issue of the APA journal Behavioral Neuroscience, Vol. 130, No. 3, June 2016. The articles advance knowledge about the relation of sleep to cognition, memory, emotional reactivity, and mood, with several of the articles emphasizing the relation between sleep and human clinical conditions.

  • Circadian Rhythms in Behavioral Neuroscience

    Special issue of the APA journal Behavioral Neuroscience, Vol. 128, No. 3, June 2014. The papers range from the molecular biology of clock genes to the behavior of free-living animals, and cover a wide variety of species ranging from insects, to rodents, to humans.