How and Why Are Some Therapists Better Than Others?:
For individuals in the U.S. & U.S. territories
Some therapists are more effective than others, that much is clear; why they are more effective is less clear.
Editors Louis Castonguay and Clara Hill have gathered a panel of expert researchers and practitioners from diverse theoretical backgrounds to answer this complicated question. Synthesizing the rich literature on therapist effects in this comprehensive volume, they explore how various effects can help or hinder clients in therapy. They then propose practical strategies that mental health practitioners can use to improve their own effectiveness.
Castonguay, Hill, and their contributors first lay the empirical foundations for understanding therapist effects and why they are important. They also acknowledge the massive variability that exists among therapists and the complexities of studying therapist effects.
Drawing from this fundamental knowledge, they then carefully examine specific therapist characteristics, attitudes, and skills that are relevant in any therapeutic setting.
- therapists' responsiveness, presence, attachment, and technical interventions
- cultural factors
- negative emotions
Exciting new studies about therapist effects in the treatment of specific disorders, including depression and generalized anxiety, are also presented.
The closing chapters translate the book's general themes and takeaways into broader applications for research, intervention, training, and policy, including the role of routine outcome monitoring.
Louis G. Castonguay and Clara E. Hill
I. Empirical Foundations
- Therapist Effects, Effective Therapists, and the Law of Variability
Michael Barkham, Wolfgang Lutz, Michael J. Lambert, and David Saxon
- What Characterizes Effective Therapists?
Bruce E. Wampold, Scott A. Baldwin, Martin grosse Holtforth, and Zac E. Imel
- Who Works for Whom and Why: Integrating Therapist Effects Analysis Into Psychotherapy Outcome and Process Research
Michael J. Constantino, James F. Boswell, Alice E. Coyne, David R. Kraus, and Louis G. Castonguay
II. Conceptual Contributions
- Appropriate Responsiveness as a Contribution to Therapist Effects
William B. Stiles and Adam O. Horvath
- Therapist Presence, Absence, and Extraordinary Presence
Jeffrey A. Hayes and Maria Vinca
- Inner Experience and the Good Therapist
Charles J. Gelso and Andres E. Perez-Rojas
- The Role of the Therapist's Attachment in the Process and Outcome of Psychotherapy
Bernhard M. Strauss and Katja Petrowski
- The Role of Therapist Skills in Therapist Effectiveness
Timothy Anderson and Clara E. Hill
- The Contributions of Client Culture to Differential Therapist Effectiveness
Jeffrey A. Hayes,Jesse Owen, and Helene A. Nissen-Lie
- Therapist Negative Reactions: How to Transform Toxic Experiences
Abraham W. Wolf, Marvin R. Goldfried, and J. Christopher Muran
- Professional Expertise in Psychotherapy
- Gaining Therapeutic Wisdom and Skills From Creative Others (Writers, Actors, Musicians, and Dancers)
Barry A. Farber
III. Empirical Contributions
- Effective Therapists in Psychodynamic Therapy for Depression: What Interventions Are Used and How?
Nadia Kuprian, Harold Chui, and Jacques P. Barber
- Effective and Less Effective Therapists for Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Are They Conducting Therapy the Same Way?
Soo Jeong Youn, Henry Xiao, Hanjoo Kim, Louis G. Castonguay, Andrew A. McAleavey, Michelle G. Newman, and Jeremy D. Safran
- Something to Laugh About: Humor as a Characteristic of Effective Therapists
Sarah Knox, Meghan C. Butler, Dakota J. Kaiser, Graham Knowlton, and Clara E. Hill
IV. Implications and Conclusions
- The Implications of Therapist Effects for Routine Practice, Policy, and Training
James F. Boswell, David R. Kraus, Michael J. Constantino, Matteo Bugatti, and Louis G. Castonguay
- Therapist Effects: Integration and Conclusions
Clara E. Hill and Louis G. Castonguay
About the Editors
Louis G. Castonguay, PhD, completed his doctorate in clinical psychology at the State University of New York, Stony Brook, he completed a clinical internship at the University of California, Berkeley, and he completed his postdoctorate at Stanford University. He is currently a professor in the Department of Psychology at Penn State University.
With more than 180 publications (including eight coedited books), his scholarly work and research has focused on different aspects of the process of change and training, especially within the context of psychotherapy integration of psychotherapy.
He is also involved in the investigation of the efficacy of new integrative treatments for generalized anxiety disorder and depression, and the development of Practice Research Networks aimed at facilitating the collaboration between clinicians and researchers.
Dr. Castonguay has received several awards, including the Early Career Contribution Award from the Society of Psychotherapy Research, and the David Shakow Award from APA Division 12 (Society of Clinical Psychology). He has also received four recognitions from APA Division 29 (Society for the Advancement of Psychotherapy): the Jack D. Krasner Memorial Award, Distinguished Contributions to Teaching and Mentoring, the Distinguished Research Publications Award, and the Distinguished Psychologist Award for his lifetime contributions to the field of psychotherapy.
He also served as president of the North American Society for Psychotherapy Research, as well as the International Society for Psychotherapy Research.
Clara E. Hill, PhD, completed her doctorate in counseling psychology at Southern Illinois University and a clinical internship at University of Florida. She is currently a professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Maryland.
With 12 books, 74 book chapters, and 215 journal articles, her scholarly work and research has focused on psychotherapy process, therapist interventions, therapist training, dream work, meaning in life, and qualitative research methods.
She has received several awards, including the Leona Tyler Award from APA Division 17 (Society of Counseling Psychology), the Distinguished Psychologist Award from APA Division 29 (Society for the Advancement of Psychotherapy), the Outstanding Lifetime Achievement Award from the Section of Counseling and Psychotherapy Process and Outcome Research of the Society for Counseling Psychology, and the Distinguished Research Career Award from Society for Psychotherapy Research.
She served as the editor of the Journal of Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy Research, and she also served as the president of the North American Society for Psychotherapy Research, as well as the International Society for Psychotherapy Research.