APA LGBT Resources and Publications
APA has made a significant contribution to the understanding of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex people since first dedicating staff time to these populations in 1987. Over the years, APA has produced many resources to educate the public, support the work of psychologists and inform public policy about LGBTI people and their lives and health needs. This page provides many of those resources, organized by the primary audiences for which they are intended.
Avoiding Heterosexual Bias in Language
Reprint: Committee on Lesbian and Gay Concerns. (1991). Avoiding heterosexual bias in language. American Psychologist®, 46, 973-974.
Avoiding Heterosexist Bias in Psychological Research
Reprint: Herek, G.M., Kimmel, D.C., Amaro, H., & Melton, G.B. (1991). Avoiding heterosexist bias in psychological research. American Psychologist, 46(9), 957-963.
Examining the Employment Nondiscrimination Act (ENDA)
From the scientists' perspective. Considers the social science research relevant to arguments that have been offered for and against ENDA.
Sexual Orientation and Military Service
An overview of APA involvement in the efforts to lift the ban on lesbian, gay and bisexual people from serving openly in the military.
A Selected Bibliography of Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Concerns in Psychology: An Affirmative Perspective
Prepared by the Committee on Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Concerns, under the leadership of CLGBC member Michael R. Stevenson, PhD, 1998.
Students of Psychology
Graduate Students in Psychology
A selection of tools, resources and scholarship and grant opportunities for graduate students in psychology.
Making a Doctoral Program Lesbian & Bisexual Friendly/Welcoming
These suggestions create an open and supportive environment for all students, both LGBT and heterosexual.
Research Support and Awards
APA and non-APA opportunities.
The Psychology of Sexual Orientation (PDF, 212KB): A Modular Lesson Plan/Teaching Resource for High School Psychology Teachers
Just the Facts About Sexual Orientation and Youth: A Primer for Principals, Educators and School Personnel (Español)
The information in this booklet has been developed by a coalition of education, health, mental health and religious organizations that share a concern for the health and education of all students in schools, including lesbian, gay and bisexual students, and believe that all students should have an opportunity to learn and develop in a safe and supportive environment.
Facing the school dropout dilemma
APA has a longstanding commitment to school dropout prevention as is evident from its 1996 resolution on the topic. This article seeks to complement and supplement the resolution with data from more recent research on child development, early childhood education and social and emotional learning that helps to define the school dropout dilemma.
College guide for LGBTQ Students
Each year, Campus Pride provides a comprehensive listing of the most LGBTQ-friendly colleges in the nation and hosts a college fair specifically geared toward LGBTQ youths and their families.
LGBTQ Scholarships for College Students
Scholarships established for LGBT college students are available from several public and private organizations, as well as individual donors.
Transgender College Students: A Guide to Finding a Supportive School
This guide is designed to support trans students in learning about their rights, help them find colleges that affirm their value and empower them to fully embrace their gender identity.
Definitions of terms in APA documents related to sexual orientation and gender diversity (PDF, 178KB)
This resource provides definitions related to sexual orientation and gender diversity, and their sources.
Public Information Brochures: Sexual Orientation/Homosexuality, Transgender/Gender Identity, Intersex Conditions
A series of brochures from the Office of Public Communication, in collaboration with the Committee on Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity, answering basic questions and listing some additional resources.
Information about APA resources pertaining to bisexuality, organizations that focus on bisexuality and additional related resources.
This Day In June
This uplifting and upbeat book shares the experience of attending an LGBT Pride festival. A Note to Parents and Caregivers provides information on how to talk to children about sexual orientation and gender identity in age-appropriate ways.
Children's book (May 2014).
Reducing Sexual Prejudice: The Role of Coming Out
Psychological research has concluded that active sharing by LGBT people of what their lives are like with people they know — whether in their families, communities or workplaces and schools — is very likely to reduce others' prejudice against LGBT people and increase their support for social and political equality.
Report by the Task Force on Gender Identity and Gender Variance
A 6 member task force reviewed the scientific literature and APA policies regarding transgender issues, then developed recommendations for education, professional training and further research into transgenderism, and proposed how APA can best meet the needs of psychologists and students who identify as transgender or gender-variant.
Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Health
Information and resources from both government agencies and the non-profit health care community to address a range of LGBT health related topics.
Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Aging
Resources to address the unique disparities facing a growing population of older LGBT adults.
Fact Sheet: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Persons & Socioeconomic Status
Why individuals who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender are especially susceptible to being placed at a socioeconomic disadvantage.
Communiqué — Psychological Perspectives on Sexual Orientation in Communities of Color (PDF, 5MB)
A special edition of Communiqué from the APA Office of Ethnic Minority Affairs, July 2007.
LGBT Concerns and International Psychology
Resources for international LGBT human rights advocacy, including civil societies and the International Network on Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Concerns and Transgender Issues in Psychology.
History of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Social Movements
Essay written as an appendix for a lesson plan for high school psychology teachers.
Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender History Month
Resources on LGBT history and LGBT people.
Lesbian and Gay Parenting
Includes a summary of research findings on lesbian mothers, gay fathers and their children; an annotated bibliography of the published psychological literature; and additional resources relevant to lesbian and gay parenting.
Marriage and Family Issues for LGBT People
APA resources, resolutions and amicus briefs addressing parenting and family issues for LGBT people.
- Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Issues, Federal
Activity updates and resources provided by the APA Public Interest Government Relations Office.
- LGBT Resources for Grassroots and State-Level Advocacy
General resources, legislative basics, tips for working with media, and examples of state psychological association advocacy.
- State LGBT Advocacy Webinar
Presenter slides (PDF, 1.2MB)
The webinar explored how federal lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender advocacy synergizes with advocacy at the state level.
- APA Expresses Opposition To State Bills Targeting LGBT Citizens
APA statement in response to a proliferation of state level legislation in 2016 unfavorable to LGBT people, and in support for the federal Equality Act to provide protections nationwide for LGBT people against such unfair and harmful treatment.
- APA Policy Statements on Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Concerns Text and references of APA policy resolutions on lesbian, gay and bisexual concerns adopted by the American Psychological Association Council of Representatives.
- Amicus Briefs
List of all Amicus Briefs filed by APA in support of lesbian, gay and bisexual issues.
Guidelines for Psychological Practice with Transgender and Gender Nonconforming People
English (PDF, 616KB)
APA council adopted new guidelines, Aug. 5-7, 2015.
Portuguese (PDF, 816KB)
Turkish (PDF, 7.7MB)
- Applying the APA Guidelines for Psychological Practice for Transgender and Gender Nonconforming People in Everyday Practice
The March 29, 2018 webinar describes the rationale for the guidelines, lists applications of the guidelines and discusses how to utilize related clinical skills.
Webinar recording | Presentation (PDF, 1MB)
Guidelines for Psychological Practice with Lesbian, Gay & Bisexual Clients
Approved as APA Policy by the Council of Representatives, Feb. 18-20, 2011.
Arabic (PDF, 618KB)
Simplified Chinese (PDF, 1.6MB)
Combined translation of both sets of guidelines.
Report of the APA Task Force on Appropriate Therapeutic Responses to Sexual Orientation
A six-member task force conducted a systematic review of the peer-reviewed journal literature on sexual orientation change efforts (SOCE). They concluded that such efforts are unlikely to be successful and involve some risk of harm, contrary to claims of SOCE practitioners and advocates.
More for Practitioners
Practitioner Resources and Publications
A selection of tools and resources of particular interest to providers of psychological services.
Issues in Psychotherapy with Lesbians and Gay Men: A Survey of Psychologists
Reprint: Garnets, L., Hancock, K.A., Cochran, S. D., Goodchilds, J., and Peplau, L.A. (1991). Issues in psychotherapy with lesbians and gay men: A survey of psychologists. American Psychologist®, 46, 964-972.
Promoting Good Practices for Mental Health Facilities in Working with LGBT Clients with Serious Mental Illnesses
Personnel who serve people with serious mental illness face important challenges in addressing the needs of LGBT clients.